AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 386–394 | Cite as

Duration Since Never in HIV Care and Immediate Blood-Draw After HIV Diagnosis are Associated with Willingness to Link to Care Following Health Department Outreach, New York City

  • Chi-Chi N. UdeaguEmail author
  • Jamie Huang
  • Kavita Misra
Original Paper


Late presentation to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care is an important concern for clinical outcomes and HIV prevention. Significant proportions of HIV-diagnosed persons are not timely linked to care following HIV diagnosis. We implemented and evaluated an intervention to link to care persons never in HIV care (NIC). Disease intervention specialists (DIS) traced persons presumed to be NIC since HIV diagnosis, offered them assistance with linkage to care, and elicited reasons for NIC. We examined the overall outcomes of the intervention and reasons for NIC. From January 2013 to December 2016, 121 persons were traced; 19% were linked to HIV care. Significantly (all P < 0.001) higher proportions of persons linked versus not linked to care were diagnosed < 1 year prior to being contacted by DIS (48% vs. 13%) or had a HIV-related laboratory test performed within 0–7 days of their diagnosis (87% vs. 33%). Among the 105 who provided reasons for NIC, most commonly reported were not believing one’s HIV diagnosis (30%) and lacking medical insurance (18%). Approximately 10% had been to a hospital emergency room and 20% to a primary care physician in the past year. Health department efforts to link persons NIC for HIV care were effective with a minority of eligible persons. Persons diagnosed within 1 year or who underwent HIV-related testing within 0–7 days of diagnosis were more likely to link to care. Newly HIV-diagnosed persons should be promptly referred to undergo all diagnostic testing and assessments on the same day or within 1 week of diagnosis.


HIV care continuum Linkage to care HIV diagnosis Loss to follow-up HIV care 



The authors are grateful to the New York City HIV case workers for their dedication and hard work in locating and assisting HIV-diagnosed persons with linkage to care and partner services.


Funding for this program was provided by Ryan White HIV Care Program Part A, Grant #93.914.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

No institutional review board approval was necessary because this is a secondary analysis of data collected as part of the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene routine case and partner services program.

Informed Consent

For this type of study, no formal consent is necessary.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Epidemiology and Field Services Program, Bureau of HIV/AIDS Prevention and ControlNYC Department of Health and Mental HygieneQueensUSA

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