AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 22, Issue 6, pp 1787–1791 | Cite as

Contraceptive Use Among HIV-Infected Females with History of Injection Drug Use in St. Petersburg, Russia

  • Brooke S. West
  • Debbie M. Cheng
  • Olga Toussova
  • Elena Blokhina
  • Natalia Gnatienko
  • Kan Liu
  • Jeffrey H. Samet
  • Anita Raj
Brief Report


Limited research examines family planning for HIV-infected women with a history of injection drug use. We describe modern contraceptive use and its association with heavy drinking and recent injection for HIV-infected females in St. Petersburg, Russia (N = 49): 22.4% (n = 11) used traditional methods and 30.6% (n = 15) reported modern contraceptive use, which consisted primarily of condoms (26.5%, n = 13). Over 63% (n = 31) had an abortion. Observed associations for heavy alcohol use (AOR = 2.36, CI = 0.53, 12.41) and recent injection drug use (AOR = 2.88, CI = 0.60, 16.92) were clinically notable, but not statistically significant. Prioritizing family planning for HIV-infected women with a history of substance use is urgently needed.


Modern contraceptive use Injection drug use HIV-infected Females Russia 



The authors gratefully acknowledge the contributions of study participants and staff. We would also like to Vivian Dinh for assistance with table preparation.


This study was funded through NIDA grant R01DA032082. Dr. West is funded by NIDA grant K01DA041233.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brooke S. West
    • 1
  • Debbie M. Cheng
    • 2
  • Olga Toussova
    • 3
  • Elena Blokhina
    • 3
  • Natalia Gnatienko
    • 4
  • Kan Liu
    • 5
  • Jeffrey H. Samet
    • 6
    • 7
  • Anita Raj
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Infectious Diseases and Global Public Health Global, Department of MedicineUniversity of California San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of BiostatisticsBoston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  3. 3.Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology of AddictionsFirst Pavlov State Medical UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Clinical Addiction Research and Education UnitBoston Medical CenterBostonUSA
  5. 5.Data Coordinating CenterBoston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of Medicine, Section of General Internal Medicine, Clinical Addiction Research and Education UnitBoston University School of Medicine/Boston Medical CenterBostonUSA
  7. 7.Department of Community Health SciencesBoston University School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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