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AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp 1190–1200 | Cite as

Examining the Impact of Intimate Partner Violence Type and Timing on Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Awareness, Interest, and Coercion

  • Tiara C. Willie
  • Jamila K. Stockman
  • Nicole M. Overstreet
  • Trace S. Kershaw
Original Paper

Abstract

Previous research suggests that intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with acceptability of and adherence to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). However, very few studies have examined whether the type (i.e., physical, sexual, and psychological IPV) and timing (i.e., lifetime, past-year) of IPV experiences differentially relate to PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine associations between lifetime and past-year physical, sexual, and psychological IPV experiences on PrEP awareness, interest, and perceived PrEP coercion. Data were collected from an online survey administered to 210 women and men. Past-year physical IPV experiences (AOR 4.53, 95% CI 1.85, 11.11) were significantly associated with being interested in using PrEP. Lifetime sexual (AOR 3.69, 95% CI 1.62, 8.40), psychological IPV (AOR 4.70, 95% CI 1.01, 21.89), and past-year sexual IPV experiences (AOR 3.01, 95% CI 1.10, 8.27) were also significantly associated with believing a recent partner would attempt to control the participant’s use of PrEP, if she or he were currently using it. Understanding that engaging in PrEP care is influenced differently by the type and timing of IPV has potential implications for PrEP candidacy guidelines and interventions.

Keywords

Intimate partner violence HIV PrEP 

Resumen

La investigación anterior sugiere que la violencia del compañero íntimo (IPV) tiene que ver con admisibilidad de y adhesión a la profilaxis de preexposición (PrEP). Sin embargo, muy pocos estudios han examinado si el tipo (es decir, IPV físico, sexual, y psicológico) y calculando (es decir, vida, año pasado) de experiencias de IPV diferencialmente está relacionado con conciencia de PrEP, interés, y percibió la coacción de PrEP. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este estudio es examinar asociaciones entre el año pasado y de toda la vida experiencias de IPV físicas, sexuales, y psicológicas en conciencia de PrEP, interés, y percibió la coacción de PrEP. Los datos se coleccionaron de una revisión en línea administrada a 210 mujeres y hombres. Año pasado experiencias de IPV físicas (AOR=4.53, 95% CI: 1.85, 11.11) considerablemente tuvieron que ver con interesar en la utilización de PrEP. Vida sexual (AOR=3.69, 95% CI: 1.62, 8.40), IPV psicológico (AOR=4.70, 95% CI: 1.01, 21.89), y año pasado experiencias de IPV sexuales (AOR=3.01, 95% CI: 1.10, 8.27) también considerablemente tuvieron que ver con creer que un compañero reciente intentaría controlar el uso del participante de PrEP, si ella o él lo usaran actualmente. El entendimiento que en la contratación en el cuidado de PrEP influyen diferentemente el tipo y el cronometraje de IPV tiene implicaciones potenciales para pautas de la candidatura de PrEP e intervenciones.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Supported by grants from the National Institutes of Mental Health (T32MH020031and F31MH113508-01A1).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public HealthYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Yale Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDSNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Division of Global Public Health, Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyClark UniversityWorcesterUSA

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