Leveraging the U.S. Criminal Justice System to Access Women for HIV Interventions
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The criminal justice (CJ) system can be leveraged to access women for HIV prevention and treatment programs. Research is lacking on effective implementation strategies tailored to the specific needs of CJ-involved women. We conducted a scoping review of published studies in English from the United States that described HIV interventions, involved women or girls, and used the CJ system as an access point for sampling or intervention delivery. We identified 350 studies and synthesized data from 42 unique interventions, based in closed (n = 26), community (n = 7), or multiple/other CJ settings (n = 9). A minority of reviewed programs incorporated women-specific content or conducted gender-stratified analyses. CJ systems are comprised of diverse access points, each with unique strengths and challenges for implementing HIV treatment and prevention programs for women. Further study is warranted to develop women-specific and trauma-informed content and evaluate program effectiveness.
KeywordsHIV Intervention Criminal justice Women Systematic review Implementation science
Research support provided by the National Institutes on Drug Abuse (K23 DA033858 to JPM; K24 DA017072 to FLA), and National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (T32 AI007517 to DM). Funding sources played no role in data collection, analysis, drafting of the manuscript, or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.
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