AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 21, Issue 10, pp 3035–3046 | Cite as

Number of Psychosocial Strengths Predicts Reduced HIV Sexual Risk Behaviors Above and Beyond Syndemic Problems Among Gay and Bisexual Men

  • Trevor A. Hart
  • Syed W. Noor
  • Barry D. Adam
  • Julia R. G. Vernon
  • David J. Brennan
  • Sandra Gardner
  • Winston Husbands
  • Ted Myers
Original Paper

Abstract

Syndemics research shows the additive effect of psychosocial problems on high-risk sexual behavior among gay and bisexual men (GBM). Psychosocial strengths may predict less engagement in high-risk sexual behavior. In a study of 470 ethnically diverse HIV-negative GBM, regression models were computed using number of syndemic psychosocial problems, number of psychosocial strengths, and serodiscordant condomless anal sex (CAS). The number of syndemic psychosocial problems correlated with serodiscordant CAS (RR = 1.51, 95% CI 1.18–1.92; p = 0.001). When adding the number of psychosocial strengths to the model, the effect of syndemic psychosocial problems became non-significant, but the number of strengths-based factors remained significant (RR = 0.67, 95% CI 0.53–0.86; p = 0.002). Psychosocial strengths may operate additively in the same way as syndemic psychosocial problems, but in the opposite direction. Consistent with theories of resilience, psychosocial strengths may be an important set of variables predicting sexual risk behavior that is largely missing from the current HIV behavioral literature.

Keywords

HIV Men who have sex with men Gay men Syndemics Psychosocial strengths 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyRyerson UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Dalla Lana School of Public HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Sociology, Anthropology and CriminologyUniversity of WindsorWindsorCanada
  4. 4.Ontario HIV Treatment NetworkTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social WorkUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  6. 6.AIDS Committee of TorontoTorontoCanada

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