AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 2023–2032 | Cite as

Recent HIV Testing Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men in Bangkok and Chiang Mai: HIV Testing and Prevention Strategies Must Be Enhanced in Thailand

  • Lisa G. JohnstonEmail author
  • Mara C. Steinhaus
  • Justine Sass
  • Petchsri Sirinirund
  • Catherine Lee
  • Patchara Benjarattanaporn
  • Robert Gass
Original Paper


HIV infection among men who have sex with men, particularly in Thai urban settings and among younger cohorts, is escalating. HIV testing and counseling (HTC) are important for prevention and obtaining treatment and care. We examine data from a 2013 survey of males, 15–24 years, reporting past-year sex with a male and living in Bangkok or Chiang Mai. Almost three quarters of young MSM (YMSM) in Bangkok and only 27 % in Chiang Mai had an HIV test in the previous year. Associations for HIV testing varied between cities, although having employment increased the odds of HIV testing for both cities. In Bangkok, family knowledge of same sex attraction and talking to parents/guardians about HIV/AIDS had higher odds of HIV testing. Expanded HTC coverage is needed for YMSM in Chiang Mai. All health centers providing HTC, including those targeting MSM, need to address the specific needs of younger cohorts.


Thailand HIV testing Men who have sex with men Respondent-driven sampling Sexual risk Adolescent Youth 



The authors would like to thank the study participants and data collectors.


This article was funded by UNICEF Thailand, UNFPA Thailand, UNESCO Thailand.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lisa G. Johnston
    • 1
    • 7
    Email author
  • Mara C. Steinhaus
    • 1
  • Justine Sass
    • 2
  • Petchsri Sirinirund
    • 3
  • Catherine Lee
    • 4
  • Patchara Benjarattanaporn
    • 5
  • Robert Gass
    • 6
  1. 1.Independent consultantUNICEF Thailand OfficeBangkokThailand
  2. 2.UNESCO Asia–Pacific Regional Bureau for EducationBangkokThailand
  3. 3.Department of Disease ControlMinistry of Public HealthBangkokThailand
  4. 4.School of Global StudiesThammasat UniversityRangsitThailand
  5. 5.Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDSBangkokThailand
  6. 6.UNICEF Thailand OfficeBangkokThailand
  7. 7.AmsterdamThe Netherlands

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