Advertisement

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 20, Issue 9, pp 2010–2013 | Cite as

Factors Associated with HIV Testing among African American Female Adolescents in Juvenile Detention Centers

  • Puja SethEmail author
  • Jerris Raiford
  • Ralph J. DiClemente
Brief Report

Abstract

Background

Little is known about sexual and psychosocial factors associated with HIV testing among detained African American female adolescents—an understudied group at risk for HIV.

Methods

188 detained African American female adolescents completed assessments on HIV testing, sexual risk behaviors, and psychosocial factors.

Results

Unprotected vaginal sex, history of STI-positivity or pregnancy, higher STI knowledge, and lower partner availability were associated with a higher likelihood of ever being tested for HIV.

Discussion

HIV testing is the gateway to important services for high-risk HIV-positive and HIV-negative adolescents. More research is needed to address barriers and to inform programmatic changes to increase testing among youth.

Keywords

Youth Incarcerated Testing Risky sexual behavior STIs 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cooperative agreement 5 UR6 PS000679.

Disclaimer

The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

References

  1. 1.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC Fact Sheet: HIV among African American youth. 2014 March 6, 2015. http://www.cdc.gov/nchhstp/newsroom/docs/CDC-Youth-AAs-508.pdf.
  2. 2.
    Barthlow DJ, Horan PF, DiClemente RJ, Lanier MM. Correlates of condom use among incarcerated adolescents in a rural state. Crim Justice Behav. 1995;22:295–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    DiClemente RJ. Predictors of HIV-preventive sexual behavior in a high-risk adolescent population: the influence of perceived peer norms and sexual communication on incarcerated adolescents’ consistent use of condoms. J Adolesc Health. 1991;12:385–90.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lux KM, Petosa R. Using the health belief model to predict safer sex intentions of incarcerated youth. Health Educ Q. 1994;21:487–97.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Revised recommendations for HIV testing of adults, adolescents, and pregnant women in health-care settings. MMWR [Internet]. 2006 March 6, 2015; 55(RR-14). www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5514a1.htm.
  6. 6.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2013. MMWR. 2014;63(4).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tolou-Shams M, Payne N, Houck C, Pugatch D, Beausoleil N, Brown LK, et al. HIV testing among at-risk adolescents and young adults: a prospective analysis of a community sample. J Adolesc Health. 2007;41:586–93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Straub DM, Arrington-Sanders R, Harris DR, Willard N, Kapogiannis B, Emmanuel P, et al. Correlates of HIV testing history among urban youth recruited through venue-based testing in 15 US cities. Sex Transm Dis. 2011;38:691–6.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Matson PA, Chung SE, Ellen JM. Perceived neighborhood partner availability, partner selection, and risk for sexually transmitted infections within a cohort of adolescent females. J Adolesc Health. 2014;55:122–7.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    DiClemente RJ, Davis TL, Swartzendruber A, Fasula AM, Boyce L, Gelaude D, et al. Efficacy of an HIV/STI sexual risk-reduction intervention for African American adolescent girls in juvenile detention centers: a randomized controlled trial. Women Health. 2014;54:726–49.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sikkema KJ, Kelly JA, Winett RA, Solomon LJ, Cargill VA, Roffman RA, et al. Outcomes of a randomized community-level HIV prevention intervention for women living in 18 low-income housing developments. Am J Public Health. 2000;90:57–63.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Peralta L, Deeds BG, Hipszer S, Ghalib K. Barriers and facilitators to adolescent HIV testing. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2007;21:400–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York (outside the USA) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Puja Seth
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  • Jerris Raiford
    • 1
  • Ralph J. DiClemente
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of Behavioral Sciences & Health Education, Rollins School of Public HealthEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Center for AIDS Research, Prevention Science CoreAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Program Evaluation Branch, Division of HIV/AIDS PreventionCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations