AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 1265–1275 | Cite as

Intervention Outcomes Among HIV-Affected Families Over 18 Months

  • Mary Jane Rotheram-BorusEmail author
  • Eric Rice
  • W. Scott Comulada
  • Karin Best
  • Carla Elia
  • Katherine Peters
  • Li Li
  • Sara Green
  • Ena Valladares
Original Paper


We evaluate the efficacy of a family-based intervention over time among HIV-affected families. Mothers living with HIV (MLH; n = 339) in Los Angeles and their school-aged children were randomized to either an intervention or control condition and followed for 18 months. MLH and their children in the intervention received 16 cognitive-behavioral, small-group sessions designed to help them maintain physical and mental health, parent while ill, address HIV-related stressors, and reduce HIV-transmission behaviors. At recruitment, MLH reported few problem behaviors related to physical health, mental health, or sexual or drug transmission acts. Compared to MLH in the control condition, intervention MLH were significantly more likely to monitor their own CD4 cell counts and their children were more likely to decrease alcohol and drug use. Most MLH and their children had relatively healthy family relationships. Family-based HIV interventions should be limited to MLH who are experiencing substantial problems.


HIV+ mothers Family interventions Parenting behaviors Sexual behavior Substance abuse 



This study was supported by grant # R01MH068194 from the National Institute of Mental Health. Dr. Rotheram-Borus had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eric Rice
    • 2
  • W. Scott Comulada
    • 1
  • Karin Best
    • 1
  • Carla Elia
    • 1
  • Katherine Peters
    • 3
  • Li Li
    • 1
  • Sara Green
    • 1
  • Ena Valladares
    • 1
  1. 1.Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Center for Community HealthUniversity of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.School of Social WorkUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.San Francisco Coordinating CenterUniversity of California San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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