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Table 1 Description of studies reporting test-retest reliability of drug use variables

From: HIV Risk Behavior Self-Report Reliability at Different Recall Periods

Study Sample Measure (recall period) Reliabilities
Blake et al. (1992) 127 US military personnel Marijuana use (30 days) 1.00
Carey et al. (2004) 132 psychiatric outpatients. 64% male; mean age 44.1 years (US sample) TLFB: Marijuana use and total drug use (30 and 90 days) .94 (30 days)
.91–.94 (90 days)
Day et al. (2004) 27 heroin injectors; 70% male; mean age 32 years (Australian sample) TLFB: Number of days used heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, cannabis (6 months) .67–.88
Dowling-Guyer et al. (1994)a 218 out-of-treatment drug users; 74% male; mean age 39.9 years (US samples) RBA: Crack, cocaine, heroin, marijuana, speedball, amphetamine and methadone use, and injection drug use (30 days) .69–.87
Ehrman and Robbins (1994) 59 heroin users in an outpatient methadone treatment program; 98% male; mean age 41 years (US sample) TLFB: Heroin and cocaine use (30 and 180 days) .77–.82 (30 days)
.91–.95 (180 days)
Fals-Stewart et al. (2000) 113 substance abuse outpatients; 71% male; mean age 27.4 years (US sample) TLFB: Use of amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opiates, sedatives (30 and 90 days) .72–.93 (30 days)
.71–.92 (90 days)
Johnson et al. (2000) 259 out-of-treatment drug users; 67.6% male; mean age 38.2 years (US sample) RBFA: Use of marijuana, crack, cocaine, heroin, speedball, opiates, amphetamines and injection behavior (30 days) .48–.96
Krenz et al. (2004)a 36 outpatient and inpatient drug users; 68% male; mean age 29.7 years (Swiss sample) ASI: Heroin, methadone, other opiates, barbiturates, sedatives, cocaine, amphetamines, cannabis & hallucinogens use (30 days) .80–1.0
Levy et al. (2004) 93 adolescents attending primary-care medical clinics; 28% male; age range 12–19 years (US sample) TLFB: Marijuana use (30, 90 days) .70–.89 (30 days)
.83–.93 (90 days)
Martin et al. (1998) 103 young adults accessing outpatient and inpatient drug treatment; 81% male; mean age 20.4 years (Canadian sample) DUHF: Use of cannabis, cocaine and hallucinogens (30, 90, and 180 days) .30–.88 (30 days)
.34–.90 (90 days)
.49–.91 (180 days)
Matt et al. (2003) 88 cigarette smokers; 51% male; mean age 29.5 years (US sample) Use of marijuana, amphetamines, cigarettes and alcohol (30 days) .90–.99
Miele et al. (2000) 175 inpatient and outpatient drug treatment patients; 62% male; mean age 35.6 years (US sample) SDSS: Number of days used cocaine, heroin, cannabis and sedatives (30 days) .50–.82
Myers et al. (1990) 196 IDUs and sex partners of IDUs; 74% male (US sample) AIA: Frequency of marijuana, crack, cocaine, amphetamine, heroin, speedball, methadone, other opiates use, sharing works (6 months) −.11–.93
Needle et al. (1995) 214 drug users; 70.3% male; mean age 38 years (US sample) RBA: Crack, cocaine, heroin use (30 days) .69–.78
Ross et al. (1995) 23 injecting drug users; 87% male; mean age 28 years (Australian sample) Number people accepted used needle/syringe from (6 months) .56
Sacks et al. (2003) 158 homeless adults (US sample) TLFB: Number days used cocaine, cannabis, any illicit drugs (30 days, 6 months) .72–.81 (30 days)
.89–.93 (6 months)
Scheurich et al. (2005) 30 alcohol-dependent inpatients; 73% male; mean age 44.7 years (German sample) Form 90: Tranquilizer and sedative use (90 days) .64–1.00
Slesnick and Tonigan (2004) 37 homeless youth; 49% male; age range 12–17 years (US sample) Form 90: Cocaine and marijuana use (90 days) .40–.97
Westerberg et al. (1998) 34 treatment-seeking clients; 53% male; mean age 36.3 years (US sample) Form 90: Cocaine, opiates, marijuana, stimulants, tranquilizer use (90 days) .02–.80
Williams et al. (2000) 392 drug users; 69% male; mean age 36.2 years (US sample) Computer assisted and face-to-face interviews: Crack, cocaine, heroin, speedball (30 days) .22–.91
  1. ASI Addiction Severity Index. DUHF Drug Use History Form. AIA AIDS Initial Assessment Questionnaire. TLFB Timeline Followback. RBA Risk Behavior Assessment. RBFA Risk Behavior Follow-up Assessment. SDSS Substance Dependence Severity Scale
  2. aAuthors from these studies provided additional unpublished data