AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 75–85

Gender-Specific Situational Correlates of Syringe Sharing During a Single Injection Episode

  • Travis Salway Hottes
  • Julie Bruneau
  • Mark Daniel
Original Research


Factors associated with syringe sharing differ between women and men; however, it is uncertain whether these hold within the setting of a single injection episode. A questionnaire eliciting information about the last injection episode with others present was administered to participants in a cohort of Montréal injection drug users (IDUs). Logistic regression was used to identify correlates of syringe sharing and to test potential gender differences in relation to syringe sharing. Data from 467 participants revealed significant differences between men and women with regard to situational factors; however, the relationships between situational factors and syringe sharing did not vary according to gender. In multivariate models including both genders, syringe sharing was associated with various attributes of other IDUs who were present as well as alcohol use during that specific episode. These results highlight the relevance of situational factors in injection drug use activity, regardless of gender.


Injection drug users HIV Gender Event analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Travis Salway Hottes
    • 1
  • Julie Bruneau
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mark Daniel
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics, and Occupational HealthMcGill UniversityMontréalCanada
  2. 2.CRCHUM, Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de MontréalMontréalCanada
  3. 3.Département de Médecine FamilialeUniversité de MontréalMontréalCanada
  4. 4.School of Health SciencesUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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