AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 476–482 | Cite as

Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with HIV Infection Among Men Having Sex with Men in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

  • Tuan Anh Nguyen
  • Hien Tran Nguyen
  • Giang Truong Le
  • Roger Detels
Original Paper

Abstract

To learn more about risk behaviors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Vietnam and their prevalence of HIV, we conducted a study among MSM in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) to determine HIV-1 prevalence and behaviors associated with infection. This consisted of formative (35 MSM) and cross-sectional (600 MSM) studies at 72 sites, including 75 transvestites, 55 bisexuals, 10 sex workers, and 460 other MSM. Only 5.3% cohabited with a wife/girlfriend, but 30% reported ever having sex with a female. Prevalence of HIV was 8%, ranging from 33% in sex workers to 7% among transvestites and other MSM. Injecting drugs, selling sex, being 20–40 years old, having less than 6 years of education, and having more than five male anal sex partners in the past month were associated with being HIV-infected. MSM are an HIV bridge group, and should be included in sentinel surveillance. Targeted interventions should be implemented.

Keywords

HIV Men having sex with men (MSM) Vietnam Injection drug users (IDUs) Commercial sex workers (CSWs) 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tuan Anh Nguyen
    • 1
  • Hien Tran Nguyen
    • 1
  • Giang Truong Le
    • 2
  • Roger Detels
    • 3
  1. 1.National Institute of Hygiene and EpidemiologyHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Department of Health ServicesHochiminh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Department of EpidemiologyUCLA School of Public HealthLos AngelesUSA

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