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Housing Status and Associated Differences in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Injection Drug Users (IDUs)

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Abstract

Using cross-sectional analysis we examined residential status and associated differences in HIV risk behaviors among 3266 young IDUs enrolled in an HIV prevention trial. A three-level outcome (homeless (37%), equivocally housed (17%), housed (46%)) was defined based on responses to two questions assessing subjective and objective criteria for homelessness: “equivocally housed” participants were discordant on these measures. In multivariate analysis, antecedents of homelessness were having lived in an out-of-home placement, been thrown out of the home or in juvenile detention, and experienced childhood abuse; while correlates included receiving income from other and illegal sources, drinking alcohol or using methamphetamine at least daily, using shooting galleries, backloading, and sex work. A subset of these variables was associated with being equivocally housed. HIV risk varies by housing status, with homeless IDUs at highest risk. Programs for IDUs should utilize a more specific definition of residential status to target IDUs needing intervention.

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Acknowledgements

The DUIT Study Group includes the following people: Steffanie Strathdee, Elizabeth Golub, Marie Bailey-Kloch, Karen Yen-Hobelman (Baltimore); Lawrence Ouellet, Susan Bailey, Joyce Fitzgerald (Chicago); Sharon Hudson, Peter Kerndt, Karla Wagner (Los Angeles); Mary Latka, David Vlahov, Farzana Kapadia (New York); Holly Hagan, Hanne Thiede, Nadine Snyder (Seattle); Richard Garfein, David Purcell, Paige Ingram, Andrea Swartzendruber (CDC). The authors also acknowledge the following people for their contributions to this research: Yvette Bowser, Peter O’Driscoll, Janet Reeves, Marcella Sapun (Baltimore); Angus Atkins-Trimnell, Mary Bonilla, David Cosey, Jaime Delgado, Julio Garcia, Michelle Giles, Erin Kubalanza, Michael Phillips, Edward Snulligan (Chicago); Marrisa Axelrod, Elizabeth Faber, Lawrence Fernandez Jr., Christian Geannette, Roberto Rojas (Los Angeles); Ebele Benjamin, Sebastian Bonner, Micaela Coady, Joanna Cruz, Sandra DelVecchio, Dirk Jackson, Gregory Malave, Joan Monserrate, Danielle Ompad, Clarisse Miller O’Shea, Yingfeng Wu, Manny Yonko (New York); Jennifer V. Campbell, Stanley Brown, Rong Lee, Susan Nelson, Jef St. De Lore, Carrie Shriver, Jeanette Frazier, Jean Pass, Paul Swenson (Seattle); Yuko Mizuno, Janet Moore, Ann O’Leary, Vincent Raimondi, Scott Santibanez, RobertoValverde (CDC); IanWilliams,Wendi Kuhnert, Himal Dhotre, Leigh Farrington, (CDC Division of Viral Hepatitis); Suzette Bartley, Dollene Hemmerlein (CDC Serum Bank Branch). This study was funded in its entirety by a cooperative agreement from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. U64/CCU317662; U64/CCU517656; U64/CCU917655; U64 CCU217659; U64/CCU071615.

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Correspondence to Micaela H. Coady.

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Coady, M.H., Latka, M.H., Thiede, H. et al. Housing Status and Associated Differences in HIV Risk Behaviors Among Young Injection Drug Users (IDUs). AIDS Behav 11, 854–863 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10461-007-9248-1

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