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Table 1 Statements from the Q set as presented to survey respondents, statement rankings by archetypes (see Braito et al. 2020), and mean survey response

From: Combining the best of two methodological worlds? Integrating Q methodology-based farmer archetypes in a quantitative model of agri-environmental scheme uptake

ID Statement Q ranking by archetype mean survey response
NP PM PS TFP
S01 When dealing with my soil I go by the requirements and expectations of my customers 0 − 2 − 1 2 3.31
S02 When dealing with my soil I steer nature for my own use 1 1 1 − 2 4.02
S03 Experiences of colleagues give me guidance for dealing with my soil 0 − 1 0 − 3 3.44
S04 When dealing with my soil I rely on my own education and experience 1 3 2 0 4.45
S05 When dealing with my soil I feel as a part of nature and its cycles 4 0 3 − 1 4.48
S06 When dealing with my soil I avoid doing things that would make me the subject of gossip − 4 − 3 − 3 − 2 3.17
S07 By dealing with my soil I avoid damages by natural influences (e.g., climate change, pests) 2 1 0 0 4.23
S08 Voluntary programs and schemes are a useful guidance for how I deal with my soil, no matter whether I formally participate 0 − 1 − 3 − 1 3.67
S09 How I deal with my soil ought not to have any negative impact on my neighborhood 1 1 1 − 2 4.26
S10 When dealing with my soil I work together with nature 3 2 4 2 4.67
S11 When dealing with my soil my freedom as a farmer is my main concern − 2 − 1 2 3 3.45
S12 My duty to provide food for society shapes how I deal with my soil 1 0 − 2 3 3.91
S13 When dealing with my soil I do not think about nature − 4 − 2 − 3 − 1 2.08
S14 When dealing with my soil I have a responsibility for employees and helping people 0 − 3 − 1 2 3.91
S15 I coordinate with my neighbors when dealing with my soil − 3 − 4 − 4 − 2 2.88
S16 Dealing with my soil ought to give me pleasure 2 1 4 2 3.74
S17 I try new things when dealing with my soil 1 0 0 0 3.66
S18 The economic viability of my farm is top priority for me when dealing with my soil − 1 4 0 1 3.88
S19 When dealing with my soil I think about future generations 3 2 2 1 4.46
S20 I implement expectations of society in how I deal with my soil 0 − 2 − 1 0 3.48
S21 When dealing with my soil I have a responsibility for nature 3 3 2 0 4.69
S22 When dealing with my soil I pay attention to the tidiness and neatness of my plots − 1 2 1 4 4.21
S23 I attend training and extension services to learn more about soil use 2 2 − 1 3 4.21
S24 When dealing with my soil I avoid expensive investments − 3 − 1 0 − 4 3.22
S25 Traditional, passed-down knowledge determines how I deal with my soil − 1 − 1 0 3 3.58
S26 How I deal with my soil depends on agri-environmental schemes − 2 0 − 2 − 2 2.83
S27 How I deal with my soil is determined by laws and governmental regulations and sanctions − 2 0 − 4 − 3 3.18
S28 I would deal with my soil differently if I had more time − 3 − 4 1 − 4 2.39
S29 The distance between a plot and my farm influences how I deal with my soil − 1 − 3 − 2 − 1 1.99
S30 The number of years that I will still farm a plot determines how I deal with my soil − 2 − 2 − 2 − 3 2.19
S31 The weather determines how I deal with my soil 4 4 3 1 4.42
  1. NP Nature Participant, PM Profit Maximizer, PS Pleasure Seeker, TFP Traditional Food Provider. Statements printed in bold are used as defining statements in the scale creation method