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Table 7 Advisors’ and farmers’ perceptions on the importance a of advisory services sorted in descending order based on t ratio for discrepancies; boxplots with medians and quartiles illustrate the distribution of responses

From: Delivering too much, too little or off target—possible consequences of differences in perceptions on agricultural advisory services

Area Level Group N Mean SD t ratio p-value
Profitability Production Advisor 228 6.1 0.8 6.5  < 0.001
Farmer 412 5.6 1.3
Company management Advisor 228 6.1 0.8 15.4  < 0.001
Farmer 291 4.2 1.9
Strategy Advisor 228 6.2 0.9 14.0  < 0.001
Farmer 291 4.5 1.9
Development Production Advisor 228 5.9 1.0 6.6  < 0.001
Farmer 396 5.3 1.5
Company management Advisor 228 6.1 0.9 14.3  < 0.001
Farmer 287 4.3 1.9
Strategy Advisor 228 6.2 0.9 19.7  < 0.001
Farmer 299 4.6 1.9
  1. aAdvisors and farmers were asked how important advisory services directed toward different levels of the business (production, company management and strategy) are for farm profitability and deve