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Table 4 Advisors’ perceptions on farmers’ motivesa versus farmers’ descriptions of their motivesa for not choosing advisory services sorted in descending order based on t ratio for discrepancies between the two groups; boxplots with medians and quartiles illustrate the distribution of responses)

From: Delivering too much, too little or off target—possible consequences of differences in perceptions on agricultural advisory services

Statement Group N Mean SD t ratio p-value
Lack of appealing choices Advisor 219 5.3 1.1 14.2  < 0.001
Farmer 402 3.7 1.6
Previous bad experience Advisor 219 5.0 1.5 10.5  < 0.001
Farmer 399 3.7 1.6
Don´t know who to turn to Advisor 219 4.7 1.4 9.1  < 0.001
Farmer 391 3.5 1.7
Too expensive Advisor 219 5.7 1.1 7.4  < 0.001
Farmer 420 4.9 1.6
Advisors have limited knowledge Advisor 219 4.1 1.3 0.2 0.861
Farmer 410 4.1 1.5
  1. aAdvisors were asked why they thought farmers chose not to use advisory services, while farmers were asked why they chose not to use advisory services