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Table 3 Advisors’ perceptions on farmers’ motivesa versus farmers’ descriptions of their motivesa for choosing advisory services sorted in descending order based on t ratio for discrepancies between the two groups; boxplots with medians and quartiles illustrate the distribution of responses

From: Delivering too much, too little or off target—possible consequences of differences in perceptions on agricultural advisory services

Statement Group N Mean Sd t ratio p-value
Use as sounding board Advisor 219 6.4 0.8 14.1  < 0.001
Farmer 518 5.2 1.6
Help to lead change Advisor 219 5.4 1.1 11.6  < 0.001
Farmer 498 4.2 1.7
Get new ideas Advisor 219 5.9 1.0 8.7  < 0.001
Farmer 510 5.0 1.6
Get challenged Advisor 219 4.8 1.2 7.9  < 0.001
Farmer 495 3.9 1.9
Increased profitability Advisor 219 6.0 0.9 2.7 0.007
Farmer 513 5.8 1.5
Avoid mistakes Advisor 219 5.6 1.2 2.1 0.037
Farmer 513 5.4 1.6
Save time Advisor 219 5.4 1.3 0.9 0.359
Farmer 514 5.3 1.6
Save money Advisor 219 5.4 1.3 0.6 0.538
Farmer 516 5.4 1.6
  1. aAdvisors were asked why they thought farmers chose to use advisory services, while farmers were asked why they chose to use advisory services