Cooptation or solidarity: food sovereignty in the developed world
This paper builds on previous research about the potential downsides of food sovereignty activism in relatively wealthy societies by developing a three-part taxonomy of harms that may arise in such contexts. These are direct opposition, false equivalence, and diluted goals and methods. While this paper provides reasons to resist complacency about wealthy-world food sovereignty, we are optimistic about the potential for food sovereignty in wealthy societies, and we conclude by describing how wealthy-world food sovereignty can be a location of either transnational solidarity or (at least) nonharmful forms of cooptation.
KeywordsFood ethics Food sovereignty Food justice Solidarity
Border Agricultural Workers Project
Black lives matter
La Confédération Paysanne
La Vía Campesina
Men’s Rights activists
National Family Farm Coalition
Canadian National Farmers Union
We thank the participants in the 2015 Michigan State University Workshop on Food Justice and the 2017 McGill University Workshop on Food Justice, as well as three anonymous referees, for helpful criticisms and comments.
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