Agriculture and Human Values

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 649–653 | Cite as

The problem with the farmer’s voice

  • Glenn Davis Stone
  • Andrew Flachs


In this essay we present three biases that make it difficult to represent farmer voices in a meaningful way. These biases are information bias, individual bias, and short-term bias. We illustrate these biases through two case studies. One is the case of Golden Rice in the Philippines and the other is the case of Bt cotton in India.


Agriculture Indigenous knowledge Biotechnology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyWashington University in St. LouisSt. LouisUSA

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