Agriculture and Human Values

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 133–141 | Cite as

When students run AMAPs: towards a French model of CSA

Article

Abstract

Known as Associations for the Support of Peasant Agriculture (Association de Maintien de l’Agriculture Paysanne), AMAPs started to spread in France just after year 2000. These trust-based partnerships between urban consumers and farmers share some proximity with Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) organizations that developed in North America in the 1990s. Both organizations fight against large scale food chains and advocate for the necessity to change eating habits and mostly to switch to fresh seasonal organic products. They also stress the importance of setting human direct relations between the urban and agrarian areas. As AMAPs were also recently supported by students and introduced as CSAs in several French universities, this paper, backed by ethnographical fieldwork, describes how and why students decided to run CSAs on the campus of Aix-Marseille University (AMU). Students turned themselves into shareholders in AMAPs. They started to run them and deliver weekly fresh fruits and vegetables to three different university venues in AMU. Delivery is tailored for students needs and also allows students to experience collective farming.

Keywords

Alternative food networks AMAP CSA Student-run AMAP Aix-Marseille University 

Abbreviations

AFN

Alternative Food Network

AMAP

Association de maintien de l’agriculture paysanne (Association for the Support of Peasant Agriculture)

AMU

Aix-Marseille University

CAP

Common Agricultural Policy

CROUS

Centre Régional des Œuvres Universitaires et Scolaires (Regional Center for University and School Works)

CSA

Community Supported Agriculture

LFSC

Long food supply chain

SFSC

Short food supply chain

References

  1. Allaya, M., and G. Rucheton. 2008. L’agriculture, l’agroalimentaire, la pêche et le développement rural en France. In Les agricultures méditerranéennes: Analyses par pays, ed. M. Allaya, 317–347. Montpellier: CIHEAM.Google Scholar
  2. Alliance Provence. 2011. http://allianceprovence.org. Accessed 1 June 2014.
  3. Amemiya, H. 2007. L’agriculture participative: Dynamiques bretonnes de la vente directe. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.Google Scholar
  4. Amemiya, H. 2011. Du Teikei aux AMAP—le renouveau de la vente directe de produits fermiers locaux. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes.Google Scholar
  5. Chiffoleau, Y. 2009. From politics to co-operation: the dynamics of embeddedness in alternative food supply chains. Sociologia Ruralis 49(3): 218–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. DeMuth, S. 1993. Community Supported Agriculture (CSA): An Annotated Bibliography and Resource Guide. USDA. National Agriculture Library NAL Call No. AZ5073.A37, p. 1, l. 9–13. Accessed 14 Apr 2012.Google Scholar
  7. Desriers, M. 2007. L’agriculture française depuis 50 ans: Des petites exploitations familiales aux droits de paiement uniques. In L’agriculture: Nouveaux défis, ed.INSEE, 17–30. Paris: INSEE références.Google Scholar
  8. Dubuisson-Quellier, S. 2009. La consommation engagée. Paris: Sciences-Po-les Presses.Google Scholar
  9. Dubuisson-Quellier, S., C. Lamine, and R. Le Velly. 2011. Citizenship and Consumption: Mobilisation in Alternative Food Systems in France. Sociologia Ruralis 51(3): 304–323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. European Commission. 1991. EC 2092/91. http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/organic/eu-policy/legislation_en. Accessed 24 May 2013.
  11. Fac Verte. 2009. http://www.facverte.org. Accessed 18 Dec 2009.
  12. Gasquet, O. 2002. Comprendre notre agriculture et la PAC. Paris: Vuibert.Google Scholar
  13. Guiraud, N. 2011. Le développement des AMAP en Bouches-du-Rhône de 2006 à 2010, Mémoire de Master 1 en Sciences Géographiques et de l’Aménagement, Aix-Marseille Université, UFR Espace TELEMME, Aix-en-Provence, Juin 2011.Google Scholar
  14. Hatano, T. 1998. The economics of organic agriculture (Yuuki Nougyou no Keizaigaku). Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Hyoron-sha.Google Scholar
  15. Ikegami, K. 2008. Challenges of alternative trade of agricultural products and social responsible buying in Japan. Asian Rural Sociology (3).Google Scholar
  16. Lagane, J. 2011. Du teikei à l’AMAP, un modèle acculturé. Développement durable et territoires, 2/2. http://developpementdurable.revues.org/9013. doi:10.4000/developpementdurable.9013. Accessed 10 Dec 2011.
  17. Lagane, J. 2012. Catastrophe environnementale au Japon…Apport des savoirs profanes et mouvements citoyens. Ebisu 47: 143–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lamine, C. 2005. Settling the shared uncertainties: Local partnerships between producers and consumers. Sociologia Ruralis 45(4): 324–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lamine, C., and N. Perrot (eds.). 2008. Les AMAP: Un nouveau pacte entre producteurs et consommateurs. Paris: Yves Michel.Google Scholar
  20. Lamine, C. 2011. Les Amap: Une écologisation négociée, ou de nouvelles formes de normalisation inéquitables? In Consommer et protéger l’environnement. Opposition ou convergence?, ed. S. Barrey, and E. Kessous, 135–156. Paris: L’Harmattan.Google Scholar
  21. Lamine, et al. 2012. Agri-food systems and territorial development: Innovations, new dynamics and changing governance mechanisms. In The farming systems approaches into the 21st century: The new dynamics, ed. I. Darnhofer, D.P. Gibbon, and B. Dedieu, 229–256. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  22. Maréchal, G. 2011. La comparaison entre une pratique française—l’AMAP—et son inspirateur le Teikei. In Du Teikei aux AMAP—le renouveau de la vente directe de produits fermiers locaux, ed. H. Amemiya, 275–288. Rennes: Presses universitaires de Rennes.Google Scholar
  23. Mendras, H. 1984. La fin des paysans. Paris: Actes Sud.Google Scholar
  24. Miramap. 2011.AMAP—Evolution en France. http://miramap.org/IMG/pdf/MIRAMAP_evolution_des_AMAP_maj_22_11_11.pdf. Accessed 6 Dec 2011.
  25. Moustier, P. 2009. Gouvernance et performance des filières alimentaires au Vietnam. Economies et Sociétés 31: 1835-1857.Google Scholar
  26. Poitrineau, A. and G.,Wackermann. 2002 [1993]. Agricole (Révolution). Encyclopaedia Universalis. http://www.universalis.fr/encyclopedie/revolution-agricole/#i_86605. Accessed 16 June 2013.
  27. Stancu, C. and A. Smith. 2006. Food miles—the international debate and implications for New Zealand exporters. Landcare Research, Business and Sustainability series, Briefing paper 1. Accessed 17 Apr 2009.Google Scholar
  28. Troy Gardens, Community Groundworks, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. http://www.communitygroundworks.org. Accessed 14 July 2014.
  29. Van En, R. 1995. Eating for your community, a report from the founder of community supported agriculture. Context 32(Fall): 30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LAMES (Laboratoire Méditerranéen de Sociologie)Aix-Marseille UniversityAix-en-ProvenceFrance

Personalised recommendations