Public private partnerships in global food governance: business engagement and legitimacy in the global fight against hunger and malnutrition
This article compares two transnational public–private partnerships against hunger and malnutrition, the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition and the International Alliance Against Hunger with regard to their degree of business involvement and their input and output legimacy. We examine the participation of stakeholders, the accountability and transparency of the decision-making process, and the perceived provision of a public good. We identify a link between business involvement and output legitimacy, and we discuss the implications for public and private food governance.
KeywordsPublic-private partnerships Transnational governance Legitimacy Business participation Hunger Malnutrition
This article refers to results of the SFB700-project “Transnational Public Private Partnerships for Environment, Health, and Social Rights: Determinants of Success”, part of the Berlin Collaborative Research Center “Governance in Areas with Limited Statehood” (www.sfb-governance.de/ppp), which is funded by the German Research Council (DFG). For the general framework see Beisheim et al. (2005) and Beisheim et al. (2007: 247–271), for an earlier comparison of IAAH and GAIN see Beisheim et al. (2007). For a general discussion of the PPP literature in IR see Schäferhoff et al. (2009). We thank Sabine Campe, Nicole Helmerich, Marco Schäferhoff, the participants of the symposium on private governance in the global agro-food system in Münster (Germany), the guest editors of this issue and the two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on previous versions of this article. For their assistance with research and editing we thank Jan Dobbernack, Julia Schilling and Malte Tepe.
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