Crop, livestock and forestry performance assessment under different production systems in the north of Mato Grosso, Brazil

Abstract

Integrated crop–livestock–forestry systems are a sustainable agriculture system based on the intensification of land use to produce food, fiber and energy and are a priority theme in the public policy of the Brazilian government. The lack of technical and scientific knowledge may be one of the most challenging factors contributing to the low adoption of these complex, integrated systems. The objective of this study was to evaluate the crop, livestock and forestry performance assessment under different production systems in the north of Mato Grosso. Ten production systems were evaluated from 2011 to 2015, including crop production (soybean/corn), livestock (palisade grass pastures with Nellore steers) and forestry (Eucalyptus urograndis H13), in both single and integrated systems. Annual evaluations of production components in the crops, forage, cattle and trees were carried out. A negative influence on the grain yields in the fourth and fifth years for soybean and the third year onward for maize was observed as a result of the presence of the tree in the production systems. Forage availability and animal weight gain were increased by the rotation of crop–livestock, while no differences were found for wood individual volume yield among the production systems.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank FAPEMAT, CNPq, Capes and Embrapa for funding the project, as well as ACRIMAT and ACRINORTE.

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Correspondence to C. A. S. Magalhães.

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Magalhães, C.A.S., Pedreira, B.C., Tonini, H. et al. Crop, livestock and forestry performance assessment under different production systems in the north of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Agroforest Syst 93, 2085–2096 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-018-0311-x

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Keywords

  • Agrosilvopastoral system
  • Sustainable intensification
  • Agricultural frontier
  • Integrated crop–livestock–forestry (ICLF) systems