Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 389–395 | Cite as

Nutrients leaching from green leaves of three potential agroforestry tree species

  • Sharif Hasan LimonEmail author
  • Mahmood Hossain
  • Heinrich Spiecker


Nutrient (NH4, PO4 and K) leaching from oven dried green leaves of Emblica officinalis Gaerten, Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Pers. and Moringa oleifera Lam.were investigated in laboratory condition. Oven-dried green leaves were immersed in demineralized distilled water for 8 days. Electrical conductivity (EC), Total dissolved solids (TDS) and nutrients (NH4, PO4 and K) of leaching water samples were measured at 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 144, and 192 h of intervals. All these species showed an increasing trend for EC and TDS in leachate and comparatively higher EC and TDS were observed in E. officinalis, which is followed, by S. grandiflora and M. oleifera. Significantly high amount (P < 0.05) of NH4 was leached from S. grandiflora and PO4 from M. oleifera. But, both S. grandiflora and M. oleifera leached significantly higher (P < 0.05) K than E. officinalis. Within the first 0.25 h, 100 % and 82 % of NH4 and 68 % and 74 % of K were leached from leaves of S. grandiflora and M. oleifera respectively. S. grandiflora and M. oleifera leached 100 % of PO4 within 6 h. The concentrtions of NH4, PO4 and K in the leachate from E. officinalis, S. grandiflora and M. oleifera were not significantly different (P > 0.05). The green leaves of S. grandiflora and M.oleifera can be a potential source of NH4, PO4 and K for a quick nutrient supplement to the agricultural crops in agroforestry practices.


Agroforestry Bangladesh Green leaf Leaching Nutrients 



This study was carried out as a M.Sc. thesis for the requirement of Masters of European Forestry degree. The author is indebted to Nutrient Dynamics Lab of Forestry and Wood Technology Discipline, Khulna University, Bangladesh for their logistic support. The author is also thankful for valuable suggestions from Dr. Christopher Morhart during the study and grateful to annoynymous reviewers for their in-depth views and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sharif Hasan Limon
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mahmood Hossain
    • 1
  • Heinrich Spiecker
    • 2
  1. 1.Forestry and Wood Technology DisciplineKhulna UniversityKhulnaBangladesh
  2. 2.Institute for Forest GrowthUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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