Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 91, Issue 4, pp 663–676 | Cite as

Optimal management of Cistus ladanifer shrublands for biomass and Boletus edulis mushroom production

  • María Hernández-Rodríguez
  • Pablo Martín-Pinto
  • Juan Andrés Oria-de-Rueda
  • Luis Diaz-Balteiro


Shrubland management has not traditionally been considered in forest planning. However, some of these forest systems can provide economic benefits due to both the use of biomass and the high production of marketable edible fungi associated with the shrub species. This is the case for Cistus ladanifer, a species widely distributed in the Mediterranean region, which produces high yields of the greatly appreciated mushroom Boletus edulis. The main objective of this study is to estimate the optimal cycle that should be adopted for the management of Mediterranean shrublands dominated by C. ladanifer in considering two outputs: C. ladanifer biomass and B. edulis production, and choosing the alternative with the highest associated monetary returns. Two different scenarios have been developed: a static scenario in which the optimal rotation of C. ladanifer shrubland considering five prescriptions including different management operations has been calculated; and a dynamic analysis, in which different management operations could be practiced over the next 25 years. Both scenarios consider biomass and mushroom picking as outputs. The results of these analyses show that the most appropriate management option is to perform a total clearing close to the end of that time interval. The results could be used to justify sound management practices in these forest systems where fungal harvesting focused on B. edulis could provide significant incomes.


Rockroses Boletus edulis Biomass Optimal rotation Dynamic programming 



This study was partially funded by the research project AGL2012-40035-C03-02 (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain), and by the project VA206U13 (Junta de Castilla y León). We also thank Zamora Territorial Service of the Development and Environment Department (Junta de Castilla y León) for silvicultural treatments funding. We would also like to thank Pablo Rodero and the project Enerbioscrub for the data in relation with biomass harvesting. María Hernández-Rodríguez work was supported by an FPI-UVa Grant of University of Valladolid. The work of Luis Diaz-Balteiro is part of Project AGL2011-2585, funded by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain. Also, thanks are given to Diana Badder for editing the English.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • María Hernández-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Pablo Martín-Pinto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Juan Andrés Oria-de-Rueda
    • 1
    • 3
  • Luis Diaz-Balteiro
    • 4
  1. 1.Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute UVA-INIAPalenciaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Vegetal Production and Natural ResourcesUniversity of ValladolidPalenciaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Agroforestry SciencesUniversity of ValladolidPalenciaSpain
  4. 4.Department of Forest and Environmental Engineering and ManagementTechnical University of MadridMadridSpain

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