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Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 90, Issue 4, pp 607–615 | Cite as

Impact of land use practices on traits and production of shea butter tree (Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn.) in Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Benin

  • T. J. D. Akpona
  • H. A. Akpona
  • B. A. Djossa
  • M. K. Savi
  • K. Daïnou
  • B. Ayihouenou
  • R. Glèlè Kakaï
Article

Abstract

Dendrometric parameters such as tree DBH, height, crown diameter and size characteristics of leaves and fruit production collected from Vitellaria paradoxa subsp. growing in three land use types in Pendjari Biosphere Reserve (PBR) were analyzed. A total of 36 circular plots of 15 m diameter were randomly set in the three main land use sites of the PBR. Thus, Shea butter production was estimated from 90 trees (30 trees in each site) selected randomly. Our results revealed a significant difference in trees traits which increase from the park and hunting zone to the farmlands. The highest production of the selected Shea trees was reported from the farmland. Thus, there is high variability between leaf sizes of trees within the sites while for the fruits the greatest variability is between fruits from same tree. The findings of this study showed that the morphological traits and the production of Shea butter trees could be affected by land use systems.

Keywords

Production Dendrometric parameters Parks Vitellaria paradoxa Benin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are very grateful to Rufford Small Grant Foundation for the financial support during this work through Grant 9821-1. We also want to thank the manager team of the PBR for creating a good working environment and local population for their prompt collaboration. Finally we would like to thank IUFRO that allow us to present this work at the 2014 World Congress in USA.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. J. D. Akpona
    • 1
    • 5
  • H. A. Akpona
    • 2
  • B. A. Djossa
    • 3
  • M. K. Savi
    • 1
  • K. Daïnou
    • 4
  • B. Ayihouenou
    • 2
  • R. Glèlè Kakaï
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Biostatistics and Forest Estimations, Faculty of Agronomic SciencesUniversity of Abomey-CalaviCotonouBenin
  2. 2.Ministère de l’Environnement et de la Protection de la Nature, Direction Générale des Forêts et des Ressources NaturellesCotonouBenin
  3. 3.University of Agriculture, Kétou (Uak)KétouBenin
  4. 4.Nature Plus asblWalhainBelgium
  5. 5.ParakouBenin

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