Agroforestry Systems

, Volume 87, Issue 5, pp 1129–1146 | Cite as

Modeling analysis of potential carbon sequestration under existing agroforestry systems in three districts of Indo-gangetic plains in India

  • AjitEmail author
  • S. K. Dhyani
  • Ramnewaj
  • A. K. Handa
  • Rajendra Prasad
  • Badre Alam
  • R. H. Rizvi
  • Garima Gupta
  • K. K. Pandey
  • Amit Jain
  • Uma


The Indo-gangetic plains (IGP) in India occupies 13 % of the total geographical area and produces 50 % of total food grain to feed 40 % population of the country. Dynamic CO2FIX model v3.1 has been used to assess the baseline (2011) carbon and to estimate the carbon sequestration potential (CSP) of agroforestry systems (AFS) for a simulation period of 30 years in three districts viz. Ludhiana (upper IGP in Punjab), Sultanpur (middle IGP in Uttar Pradesh) and Uttar Dinajpur (lower IGP in West Bengal) respectively. The estimated numbers of trees existing in farmer’s field on per hectare basis in these districts were 37.95, 6.14 and 6.20, respectively. The baseline standing biomass in the tree components varied from 2.45 to 2.88 Mg DM ha−1 and the total biomass (tree + crop) from 11.14 to 25.97 Mg DM ha−1 in the three districts. The soil organic carbon in the baseline ranged from 8.13 to 9.12 Mg C ha−1 and is expected to increase from 8.63 to 24.51 Mg C ha−1. The CSP of existing AFS (for 30 years simulation) has been estimated to the tune of 0.111, 0.126 and 0.551 Mg C ha−1 year−1 for Sultanpur, Dinajpur and Ludhiana districts, respectively. CSP of AFS increases with increasing tree density per hectare. Site specific climatic parameters like monthly temperature, annual precipitation and evapotranspiration also moderates the CSP of AFS. The preliminary estimates of the area under AFS’s were 2.06 % (3,256 ha), 2.08 % (6,440 ha) and 12.69 % (38,860 ha) in Sultanpur, Dinajpur and Ludhiana respectively.


Carbon sequestration potential (CSP) Agroforestry systems (AFS) Indo-gangetic plains (IGP) Tree biomass Soil carbon Area under agroforestry 



We sincerely thank Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Directorate of Agricultural Research and Cooperation (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi for the financial assistance provided under NICRA (National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture) project to carry out this work. The authors are extremely grateful to Professor Ranjith Udawatta, University of Missouri, Columbia (USA) for his thoughtful suggestion for the improvement of the article.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajit
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. K. Dhyani
    • 1
  • Ramnewaj
    • 1
  • A. K. Handa
    • 1
  • Rajendra Prasad
    • 1
  • Badre Alam
    • 1
  • R. H. Rizvi
    • 1
  • Garima Gupta
    • 1
  • K. K. Pandey
    • 1
  • Amit Jain
    • 1
  • Uma
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Centre for Agroforestry (NRCAF)JhansiIndia

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