Rapid clonal multiplication of a woody tree, Vitex negundo L. through axillary shoots proliferation
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An efficient and improved shoot regeneration technique for the micropropagation of Vitex negundo, an aromatic and medicinal shrub through in vitro culture of nodal segments with axillary buds, is described. Thidiazuron (TDZ) used at 1.0 μM was the most effective in inducing bud break and growth, and also in initiating multiple shoot proliferation at the rate of 25 microshoots per nodal explant with axillary buds, after 4 weeks of culture. By repeated subculturing of nodal explants, a high-frequency multiplication rate was established. Optimum shoot multiplication and elongation was achieved when TDZ exposed explants were subcultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) media containing a combination of 1.0 μM 6-benzyladenine (BA) and 0.5 μM α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA). Efficient rooting was achieved directly in soilrite when basal portion of the shoots were treated with 500 μM indole-3-butyric acid for 10 min which was the most effective in inducing roots, as 97% of the microshoots produced roots. Plantlets went through a hardening phase in a controlled plant growth chamber, prior to ex-vitro transfer. Micropropagated plants grew well, attained maturity and flowered. No phenotypical differences for morphogenesis were observed among the regenerants.
KeywordsAxillary shoot multiplication Nodal segment Plant regeneration Thidiazuron
Murashige and Skoog medium
α-Naphthalene acetic acid
The award of a Senior Research Fellowship to N A by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India, New Delhi, is greatly acknowledged. Research support from The Department of Science and Technology (Govt. of India) New Delhi under the FIST-DST Programme, is also acknowledged.
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