Improving productivity of Bauhinia purpurea for tree planting farmers in Nepal

Abstract

Shortage of fodder is a major constraint to livestock production in Nepal. The genetic variation in canopy biomass production of Bauhinia  purpurea L, a very important fodder species in Nepal, was estimated in a Breeding Seed Orchard in order to examine the potential of simple, low input breeding. Substantial genetic variation could be observed suggesting that low input breeding based on simple phenotypic selection can provide biomass gain in the order of 2–5% per year. Very high correlation was observed between stem diameter (cross section area) and total biomass, making farmer based selection relevant. Jointly, these results suggest that low input domestication is a promising option for improving fodder production in Nepal and thereby help to improve rural livelihood and development. A multiple population approach is recommended.

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Correspondence to Erik D. Kjær.

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Jha, P.K., Dhakal, L.P., Kjær, E.D. et al. Improving productivity of Bauhinia purpurea for tree planting farmers in Nepal. Agroforest Syst 67, 273–278 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-005-4730-0

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Keywords

  • Bauhinia purpurea
  • Breeding Seed Orchard
  • Domestication
  • Fodder
  • Nepal