, Volume 33, Issue 1, pp 151–166 | Cite as

Bioaerosol assessment in the library of Istanbul University and fungal flora associated with paper deterioration

  • Duygu Göksay KadaifcilerEmail author
Original Paper


Health problems in people who are in indoor environments with poor ventilation have resulted in an increase in the number of studies regarding air quality. Microorganisms and inferior indoor air-climatic conditions not only affect human health but also cause decay of invaluable materials present in libraries. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the culturable bioaerosol composition and concentration in the library of Istanbul University. The culturable fungal flora, a biodeterioration agent, of the damaged archival materials was also examined. The air was sampled for a year, as were the surfaces of 207 biologically damaged books. The fungal colonies’ range was between 235 and 1850 CFU/m3, and the bacterial colonies range between 270 and 1920 CFU/m3. This is the first volumetric record in Turkey. Although the microbial contamination was not very high, molds such as Aspergillus versicolor, Cladosporium sphaerospermum, Penicillium chrysogenum, Alternaria alternata, Chaetomium globosum, Aspergillus flavus, and Aspergillus ochraceus might cause harm to human beings or to books as biodeterioration agents. The highest amount of fungus was determined in Archive 3, which contained damaged books. The fungal species isolated from the air and books were essentially the same. Therefore, it is important to determine not only the numeric values but also the microbiological composition of fungal colonies because the variety of fungal species is indicative of a deterioration process in effect over a long period. The deterioration of books must be remedied.


Airborne bacteria Airborne fungi Volumetric air sampler Indoor air quality Library Biodeterioration 



This work was supported by the “Scientific Research Projects Coordination Unit of Istanbul University” (project number 24935).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceIstanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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