, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 277–288 | Cite as

Airborne pollen in the El-Hadjar town (Algeria NE)

  • Asma Necib
  • Larbi Boughediri


The diversity of airborne pollen grains in El-Hadjar town (northeast Algeria) was measured for 1 year, from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2013, by means of the gravimetric method using Durham apparatus. The total number of pollen grains/cm2 was calculated from slides that were changed daily. This aerobiological study documented the air concentration of pollen from 50 taxa, where 28 belonged to arboreal and 22 to non-arboreal taxa. The percentage of pollen from arboreal and non-arboreal taxa was 56 and 44 %, respectively. From the list, the major collected taxa causing allergy in humans dominant in the Mediterranean area were Cupressaceae (14.86 %), Olea sp. (7.18 %), Casuarina sp. (6.44 %), and Fraxinus sp. (3.83 %) among arboreal plants, whereas for the non-arboreal plants Poaceae (23.20 %), Mercurialis sp. (12.58 %), Plantago sp. (1.69 %), Urticaceae (0.95 %), and Chenopodiaceae (0.85 %). The highest pollen counts occurred in the period from February to April. The pollen calendar for the region presented in this paper may be a useful tool for allergologists and botanical awareness.


Pollen calendar Pollen allergy Aerobiology Airborne pollen Algeria 


  1. Al-Frayh, A. R., Reilly, H., Harfi, H. A., Hasnain, S. M., Thorogood, R., & Wilson, D. (1989). A 12-month aerobiological survey of pollen in Riyadh. Annals of Saudi Mediane, 9(5), 443–447.Google Scholar
  2. Al-Qura’n, S. (2008). Analysis of airborne pollen fall in Tafileh, Jordan, 2002–2003. World Applied Sciences Journal, 4(5), 730–735.Google Scholar
  3. Altunoglu, M. K., Toraman, E., Temel, M., Biçakçi, A., & Kargioglu, M. (2010). Analysis of airborne pollen grains in Konya, Turkey, 2005. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 42(2), 765–774.Google Scholar
  4. Biçakçi, A., Benlioglu, O. N., & Erdogan, D. (1999). Airborne pollen concentration in Kütahya. Turkish Journal of Botany, 23, 75–81.Google Scholar
  5. Boi, M., & Llorens, L. (2013). Annual pollen spectrum in the air of Palma de Mallorca (Balearic Islands, Spain). Aerobiologia, 29, 385–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bonura, A., Corinti, S., Schiavi, E., Giacomazza, D., Gianguzza, F., Di Felice, G., & Colombo, P. (2013). The major allergen of the Parietaria pollen contains an LPS-binding region with immuno-modulatory activity. Allergy, 68, 297–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Çeter, T., Pinar, N. M., Gűney, K., Yildiz, A., Aşcı, B., & Smith, M. (2012). A 2-year aeropalynological survey of allergenic pollen in the atmosphere of Kastamonu, Turkey. Aerobiologia, 28, 355–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chabert, J. (1971). Notes de Sur le l’air composant pollinique de Rabat (Maroc) juillet 1964–juillet 1965. Société des sciences naturelles et physiques du Maroc, Tome 51, 166–181.Google Scholar
  9. Chafai-Ketfi, L., Azzouz, F., Salemkour, N., & Boughediri, L. (2009). Contenu pollinique de l’atmosphère de deux régions de Nord-Est Algérien : El-Hadjar (W. Annaba) et Dréan (W. El-Tarf). Revue Synthèse, 20, 31–39.Google Scholar
  10. Charpin, J., Surinyach, R., & Frankland, A. W. (1974). Atlas of European allergenic pollens. Paris: Ed. Sandoz.Google Scholar
  11. Chauhan, S. V. S., & Goyal, R. (2006). Pollen calendar of Agra city with special reference to allergenic significance. Journal of Environmental Biology, 27(2), 275–281.Google Scholar
  12. Chen, S. H., & Huang, T. C. (1980). Aeropalynological study of Taipei Basin, Taiwan. Grana, 19(2), 147–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. D’Amato, G., Cecchi, L., Bonini, S., Nunes, C., Annesi-Maesano, I., Behrendt, H., et al. (2007). Allergenic pollen and pollen allergy in Europe. Allergy, 62, 976–990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Davies, J. M., Li, H. Z., Green, M., Towers, M., & Upham, J. W. (2012). Subtropical grass pollen allergens are important for allergic respiratory diseases in subtropical regions. Clinical and Translational Allergy, 2(4), 1–10.Google Scholar
  15. Durham, O. C. (1946). The volumetric incidence of atmospheric allergens. IV. A proposed standard method of gravity sampling, counting and volumetric interpolation of results. Journal of Allergy, 17(2), 79–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Erkan, P., Biçakçi, A., Aybeke, M., & Malyer, H. (2011). Analysis of airborne pollen grains in Kırklareli. Turkish Journal of Botany, 35, 57–65.Google Scholar
  17. Esch, R. E., Hartsell, C. J., Crenshaw, R., & Jacobson, R. S. (2001). Common allergenic pollens, fungi, animals, and arthropods. Clinical Reviews in Allergy and Immunology, 21, 261–292.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Florido, J. F., Delgado, P. G., de San Pedro, B. S., Quiralte, J., de Saavedra, J. M. A., Peralta, V., & Valenzuela, L. R. (1999). High Levels of Olea europaea pollen and relation with clinical findings. International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 119, 133–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gadermaier, G., Hauser, M., & Ferreira, F. (2014). Allergens of weed pollen: An overview on recombinant and natural Molecules. Methods, 66, 55–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. García, J. J., Trigo, M. M., Cabezudo, B., Redo, M., Vega, J. M., Barber, D., et al. (1997). Pollinosis due to Australian pine (Casuarina): An aerobiologic and clinical study in southern Spain. Allergy, 52, 11–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. General Directorate of Forestry. (2013). La Direction Générale des Forêts de la Wilaya d’Annaba. Annaba: General Directorate of Forestry.Google Scholar
  22. Giner, M. M., Carrión-García, J. S., & Camacho, C. N. (2002). Seasonal fluctuations of the airborne pollen spectrum in Murcia (SE Spain) Some peculiarities in the pollen calendar. Aerobiologia, 18, 141–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Güvensen, A., Çelik, A., Topuz, B., & Öztürk, M. (2013). Analysis of airborne pollen grains in Denizli. Turkish Journal of Botany, 37, 74–84.Google Scholar
  24. Güvensen, A., & Özturk, M. (2003). Airborne pollen calendar of Izmir–Turkey. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 10, 37–44.Google Scholar
  25. Hasnain, S. M., Al-Frayh, A. R., Al-Suwaine, A. R., Gad-El-Rab, M. O., Fatima, K., & Al-Sedairy, S. (2004). Cladosporium and respiratory allergy: Diagnostic implication in Saudi Arabia. Mycopathologia, 157, 171–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hasnain, S. M., Fatima, K., Al-Frayh, A. R., & Al-Sedairy, S. T. (2005). One-Year pollen and spore calendars of Saudi Arabia: Al-Khobar, Abha and Hofuf. Aerobiologia, 21, 241–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Ianovici, N. (2008). Seasonal variations in the atmospheric Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae pollen count in Timisoara, Romania. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 36(2), 17–22.Google Scholar
  28. Ianovici, N., Bunu-Panaitescu, C., & Brudiu, I. (2013). Analysis of airborne allergenic pollen spectrum for 2009 in Timişoara, Romania. Aerobiologia, 29(1), 95–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ketfi, L. (1998). Etude aéropalynologique de la region d’El-Hadjar. Mémoire de Magister: Université Badji Mokhtar, Annaba. 123 p.Google Scholar
  30. Korteby, H., Hammache, V., Lamrani, Z., Abed, L., & et Larbaoui, D. (1977). L’atmosphère pollinique d’Alger Note sur sa composition durant le deuxième trimestre 1977. Bulletin of the Society of Natural History of Africa Northern Algeria, 68(3–4), 75–79.Google Scholar
  31. Metz-Favre, C., Papanikolaou, I., Purohit, A., Pauli, G., & de Blay, F. (2010). Actualité dans l’allergie au pollen de frêne. Revue française d’allergologie, 50, 568–573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pérez-Badia, R., Rapp, A., Vaquero, C., & Fernández-González, F. (2011). Aerobiological study in East-Central Iberian Peninsula: Pollen diversity and dynamics for major taxa. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 18, 99–111.Google Scholar
  33. Piotrowska, K., & Kaszewski, B. M. (2009). The influence of meteorological conditions on the start of the hazel (Corylus L.) pollen season in Lublin, 2001–2009. Acta Agrobotanica, 62(2), 59–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Potoglu-Erkara, I., Ilhan, S., & Oner, S. (2009). Monitoring and assessment of airborne Cladosporium Link and Alternaria Nées spores in Sivrihisar (Eskisehir), Turkey. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 148, 477–484.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Recio, M., Docampo, S., García-Sănchez, J., Trigo, M. M., Melgar, M., & Cabezudo, B. (2010). Influence of temperature, rainfall and wind trends on grass pollination in Malaga (western Mediterranean coast). Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 150, 931–940.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Reille, M. (1992). Pollen et spores d’Europe et d’Afrique du (Nord ed.). France: Laboratoire de Botanique Historique et Palynologie. Univ. d’Aix-Marseille III.Google Scholar
  37. Rodríguez de la Cruz, D., Sănchez-Reyes, E., & Sănchez-Sănchez, J. (2012). Analysis of Chenopodiaceae-Amaranthaceae airborne pollen in Salamanca, Spain. Turkish Journal of Botany, 36, 336–343.Google Scholar
  38. Rojas-Villegas, G., & Roure-Nolla, J. M. (2001). Atmospheric pollen in Santiago, Chile. Grana, 40, 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sánchez-Mesa, J. A., Serrano, P., Cariñanos, P., Prieto-Baena, J. C., Moreno, C., Guerra, F., & Galàn, C. (2005). Pollen allergy in Cordoba city: Frequency of sensitization and relation with antihistamine sales. Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology, 15(1), 50–56.Google Scholar
  40. Savitsky, V. D., Bezus’ko, L. G., Butich, N. G., Tsymbaliuk, Z. M., Savitska, O. V., & Bezus’ko, T. V. (1996). Airborne pollen in Kiev (Ukraine): Gravimetric sampling. Aerobiologia, 12, 209–211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Shahali, Y., Sutra, J. P., Peltre, G., Charpin, D., Sénéchal, H., & Poncet, P. (2010). Ig-E reactivity to common cypress (C. sempervirens) pollen extracts: Evidence for novel allergens. WAO Journal, 3, 229–234.Google Scholar
  42. Stefanic, E., Rasic, S., Merdic, S., & Colakovic, K. (2007). Annual variation of airborne pollen in the city of Vinkovci, Northeastern Croatia. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 14, 97–101.Google Scholar
  43. Subiza, J., Jerez, M., Jimdnez, J. A., José-Narganes, M., Cabrera, M., Varela, S., & Subiza, E. (1995). Clinical aspects of allergic disease: Allergenic pollen and pollinosis in Madrid. Jornal of Allergy Clin Immunology, 96(1), 15–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Tosunoğlu, A., Yenigun, A., Biçakçi, A., & Eliaçik, K. (2013). Airborne pollen content of Kuşadası. Turkish Journal of Botany, 37, 297–305.Google Scholar
  45. Trigo, M. M., Recio, M., Toro, F. J., Cano, M., Dopazo, M., & García, H. (1999). Annual variations of airborne Casuarina pollen in the Iberian Peninsula. Polen, 10, 71–77.Google Scholar
  46. Vergamini, S. M., Duso, L., De Antoni Zoppas, B. C., Fernández-González, D., & Valencia Barrera, R. M. (2007). Airborne pollen calendar of Caxias Do Sul (Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil), 2001–2002. Polen, 17, 51–65.Google Scholar
  47. Weryszko-Chmielewska, E., & Piotrowska, K. (2004). Airborne pollen calendar of Lublin, Poland. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 11, 91–97.Google Scholar
  48. Yang, Y. L., Huang, T. C., & Chen, S. H. (2003). Diurnal Variations of Airborne Pollen and Spores in Taipei City, Taiwan. Taiwania, 48(3), 168–179.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Vegetal Biology and Environment (LBVE), Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesBadji Mokhtar UniversityAnnabaAlgeria

Personalised recommendations