Suitability indices and habitat suitability index model of Caspian kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) in the southern Caspian Sea

Abstract

The relationship between species and habitat is important in ecosystem-based fisheries management. Habitat suitability index (HSI) modeling is a valuable tool in ecology and can be used to describe the relationship between fish abundance and ecological variables in order to estimate the suitability of specific habitats. In the present study, an HSI model was applied to determine suitable habitats for the Caspian kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum), an important commercial species in the southern Caspian Sea. An arithmetic mean model (AMM) was found to be the most appropriate model for describing the relationship between two of the environmental variables investigated (depth and benthos biomass). However, a geometric mean model explained the evident relationship when all four environmental variables were used (depth, benthos biomass, photosynthetically active radiation and sea surface temperature). The areas with an HSI > 0.5 had over 85 % of the total catch indicating the reliability of the prediction of the Caspian kutum habitat using the AMM. The present study showed that depth and substrate structure are the most important environmental variables for the Caspian kutum to select its habitats, and between remotely sensed data, chlorophyll a, photosynthetically active radiation and sea surface temperature are the most critical parameters for near real-time prediction of the Caspian kutum habitat.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5

References

  1. Abdolhay H, Daud S, Rezvani Ghilkolahi S, Pourkazemi M, Siraj S, Abdul Satar M (2011) Fingerling production and stock enhancement of Mahisefid (Rutilus frisii kutum) lessons for others in the south of Caspian Sea. Rev Fish Biol Fish 21:247–257. doi:10.1007/s11160-010-9163-9

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Afraei Bandpei MA, Mashhor M, Abdolmalaki S, El-sayed MA (2009) Food and feeding habits of the Caspian kutum, Rutilus frisii kutum (Cyprinidae) in Iranian waters of the Caspian Sea. Cybium 33:193–198

    Google Scholar 

  3. Afraei Bandpei MA, Mansor M, Abdolmalaki S, Keymaram F, Mohamad Isa M, Janbaz AA (2010) Age and growth of kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum, Kamensky, 1901) in southern Caspian Sea. Int Aquat Res 2:25–33

    Google Scholar 

  4. Akaike H (1974) A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Trans Automat Contr 19:716–723. doi:10.1109/TAC.1974.1100705

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Akaike H (1981) Likelihood of a model and information criteria. J Econom 16:3–14

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Bani A, Haghi Vayghan A (2011) Temporal variations in haematological and biochemical indices of the Caspian kutum, Rutilus frisii kutum. Ichthyol Res 58:126–133. doi:10.1007/s10228-010-0199-6

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Birol Kara A, Wallcraft AJ, Metzger EJ, Gunduz M (2010) Impacts of freshwater on the seasonal variations of surface salinity and circulation in the Caspian Sea. Cont Shelf Res 30:1211–1225

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Burnham KP, Anderson DR (2004) Multimodel inference: understanding AIC and BIC in Model Selection. Sociol Methods Res 33:261–304

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Catterjee S, Hadi A (2006) Regression analysis by example, 4th edn. John Wiley and Sons, New York

    Google Scholar 

  10. Catterjee S, Hadi A, Price B (2000) The use of regression analysis by example. John Wiley and Sons, New York

    Google Scholar 

  11. Chen XJ, Feng B, Xu LX (2008) A comparative study on habitat suitability index of bigeye tuna in the Indian Ocean. J Fish Sci China 15:269–278

    Google Scholar 

  12. Chen X, Li G, Feng B, Tian S (2009) Habitat suitability of chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus) in the East China Sea. J Oceanogr 65:93–102

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Chen XJ, Tian S, Chen Y, Liu B (2010) A modeling approach to identify optimal habitat and suitable fishing grounds for neon flying squid (Ommastrephes bartramii) in the Northwest Pacific Ocean. Fish Bull 108:1–14

    Google Scholar 

  14. Crec’hriou R, Bonhomme P, Criquet G, Cadiou G, Lenfant P, Bernard G, Roussel E, Le Diréach L, Planes S (2008) Spatial patterns and GIS habitat modelling of fish in two French Mediterranean coastal areas. Hydrobiologia 612:135–153

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Damalas D, Maravelias CD, Katsanevakis S, Karageorgis AP, Papaconstantinou C (2010) Seasonal abundance of non-commercial demersal fish in the eastern Mediterranean Sea in relation to hydrographic and sediment characteristics. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 89:107–118

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Degraer S, Verfaillie E, Willems W, Adriaens E, Vincx M, Van Lanckerb V (2008) Habitat suitability modelling as a mapping tool for macrobenthic communities: an example from the Belgian part of the North Sea. Cont Shelf Res 28:369–379

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Draper NR, Smith H (1998) Applied regression analysis, 3rd edn. John Wiley, USA

    Google Scholar 

  18. Elith J, Graham CH, Anderson RP, Dudık M, Ferrier S, Guisan A, Hijmans RJ, Huettmann F, Leathwick JR, Lehmann A, Li J, Lohmann LG, Loiselle BA, Manion G, Moritz C, Nakamura M, Nakazawa Y, Overton JM, Peterson AT, Phillips SJ, Richardson KS, Scachetti-Pereira R, Schapire RE, Soberon J, Williams S, Wisz MS, Zimmermann NE (2006) Novel methods improve prediction of species’ distributions from occurrence data. Ecography 29:129–151

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Fazli H, kor D, Tavakoli M, Daryanbourd R (2010) Seasonal distribution of bonyfish between 10 and 100 depth in southern Caspian Sea. In: Fazli H (ed) The 1st national-regional conference on ecology of the Caspian Sea (FCECS2010), Sari, Iran, 2010. Iranian Fisheries Research Institue and Ecological Institue of the Caspian Sea, Sari, Iran, p 10

  20. Fazli H, Daryanabard G, Salmanmahiny A, Abdolmaleki S, Bandani G, Afraei Bandpei M (2012) Fingerling release program, biomass trend and evolution of the condition factor of Caspian Kutum during the 1991–2011 period. Cybium 36:545–550

    Google Scholar 

  21. Fazli H, Afraei Bandpei MA, Pourgholam R, Roohi A (2013) Long-term changes in fecundity of the Kutum, Rutilus frisii kutum Kamensky, 1901, in the Caspian Sea (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae). Zool Middle East 59:51–58

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Foley MM, Halpern BS, Micheli F, Armsby MH, Caldwell MR, Crain CM, Prahler E, Rohr N, Sivas D, Beck MW, Carr MH, Crowder LB, Emmett Duffy J, Hacker SD, McLeod KL, Palumbi SR, Peterson CH, Regan HM, Ruckelshaus MH, Sandifer PA, Steneck RS (2010) Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning. Mar Policy 34:955–966

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Grebenkov A, Lukashevich A, Linkov I, Kapustka L (2006) A habitat suitability evaluation technique and its application to environmental risk assessment. Detection and disposal of improvised explosives. Springer, Netherlands, pp 191–201

    Google Scholar 

  24. Hall SJ (1998) The effects of fishing on marine ecosystems and communities. Blackwell Science, Oxford

    Google Scholar 

  25. Hess GR, Bay JM (2000) A regional assessment of windbreak habitat suitability. Environ Monit Assess 6:239–256

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Hyndman RJ, Koehler AB (2006) Another look at measures of forecast accuracy. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169207006000239. Accessed 12 Nov 2012

  27. Karpinsky MG (2010) Review: the Caspian Sea benthos: Unique fauna and community formed under strong grazing pressure. Mar Pollut Bull 61:156–161

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  28. Lauver CL, Busby WH, Whistler JL (2002) Testing a GIS model of habitat suitability for a declining grassland bird. Environ Manag 30:88–97

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Minns CK (1997) Quantifying “no net loss” of productivity of fish habitats. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 54:2463–2473

    Google Scholar 

  30. Montgomery D (1982) Introduction to linear regression analysis. Wiley, New York

    Google Scholar 

  31. Montgomery DC, Peck EA, Vining GG (2007) Introduction to linear regression analysis, student solutions manual. Wiley series in probability and statistics, 4th edn. John Wiley and Sons, USA

    Google Scholar 

  32. Mouton AM, Schneider M, Depestele J, Goethals PLM, De Pauw N (2007) Fish habitat modelling as a tool for river management. Ecol Eng 29:305–315. doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2006.11.002

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. Naiman R, Latterell J (2005) Principles for linking fish habitat to fisheries management and conservation. J Fish Biol 67:166–185

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Nasrollahzadeh A (2010) Caspian Sea and its ecological challenges. Casp J Environ Sci 8:97–104

    Google Scholar 

  35. Ouraji H, Khalili K, Ebrahimi G, Jafarpour S (2011) Determination of the optimum transfer time of kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) larvae from live food to artificial dry feed. Aquac Int 19:683–691. doi:10.1007/s10499-010-9383-y

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Pikitch EK, Santora C, Babcock EA, Bakun A, Bonfil R, Conover DO (2004) Ecosystem-based fishery management. Science 305:346–347

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  37. Saravi Nasrollahzadeh H, Din ZB, Foong SY, Makhlough A (2008) Trophic status of the Iranian Caspian Sea based on water quality parameters and phytoplankton diversity. Cont Shelf Res 28:1153–1165

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Sparre P, Venema SC (1998) Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment, vol 1. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper, Rome

    Google Scholar 

  39. Taheri M, Foshtomi M, Noranian M, Mira S (2012) Spatial distribution and biodiversity of macrofauna in the southeast of the Caspian Sea, Gorgan Bay in relation to environmental conditions. Ocean Sci J 47:113–122. doi:10.1007/s12601-012-0012-8

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Tian S, Xj Chen, Chen Y, Xu L, Dai X (2009) Evaluating habitat suitability indices derived from CPUE and fishing effort data for Ommatrephes bratramii in the northwestern Pacific Ocean. Fish Res 95:181–188

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Tong R, Purser A, Guinan J, Unnithan V (2013) Modeling the habitat suitability for deep-water gorgonian corals based on terrain variables. Ecol Inform 13:123–132. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2012.07.002

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Valavanis VD, Georgakarakos S, Koutsoubas D, Arvanitidis C, Haralabous J (2002) Development of a marine information system for Cephalopod fisheries in the Greek Seas (Eastern Mediterranean). Bull Mar Sci 71:867–882

    Google Scholar 

  43. Valavanis VD, Pierc GJ, Zuur AF, Palialexis A, Saveliev A, Katara I, Wang J (2008) Modelling of essential fish habitat based on remote sensing, spatial analysis and GIS. Hydrobiologia 612:5–20

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Valipour A, Kanipour A, KhadiviNiaMoghaddam M, Valinassab T (2011) Kutum: jewel of the Caspian sea, vol 1. Iranian Fisheries Research Organization, Tehran

    Google Scholar 

  45. Van der Lee GEM, Van der Molen DT, Van den Boogaard HFP, Van der Klis H (2006) Uncertainty analysis of a spatial habitat suitability model and implications for ecological management of water bodies. Landsc Ecol 21:1019–1032

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Vinagre C, Fonseca V, Cabral H, José Costa M (2006) Habitat suitability index models for the juvenile soles, Solea solea and Solea senegalensis, in the Tagus estuary: defining variables for species management. Fish Res 82:140–149

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. Zarkami R, Sadeghi R, Goethals P (2012) Use of fish distribution modelling for river management. Ecol Model 230:44–49. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2012.01.011

    Article  Google Scholar 

  48. Zuur AK, Ieno EN, Smith GM (2007) Analysing ecological data. Statistics for biology and health. Springer, New York

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

We thank the Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center for providing fish and some field data during bottom trawl survey. Our appreciation also goes to Dr. Siquan Tian for reviewing manuscript and constructive comments. The first author likes to thank Iranian National Foundation of Elites.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hadi Poorbagher.

Additional information

Handling Editor: Thomas Mehner.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Haghi Vayghan, A., Poorbagher, H., Taheri Shahraiyni, H. et al. Suitability indices and habitat suitability index model of Caspian kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) in the southern Caspian Sea. Aquat Ecol 47, 441–451 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10452-013-9457-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Habitat suitability index model
  • Suitability indices
  • Ecosystem-based fisheries management
  • Caspian kutum
  • Caspian Sea