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Aquatic Ecology

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 373–380 | Cite as

Effect of Silt, Water and Periphyton Quality on Survival and Growth of the Mayfly Heptagenia  Sulphurea

  • Edwin T. H. M. PeetersEmail author
  • Bart T. M. J. Brugmans
  • John A. J. Beijer
  • Rob J. M. Franken
Article

Abstract

The herbivorous mayfly Heptagenia  sulphurea is characteristic of rivers with stony bottoms. Records from the 20th century showed that this species had disappeared from the Common Meuse in the Netherlands, probably due to river regulation or changes in water quality. A field survey in 2003 showed that H. sulphurea was present in the Geul tributary, approximately 300 m upstream of its confluence with the Common Meuse. H. sulphurea has not recolonized the Common Meuse despite improvements in water quality over the last decades. Concentration of suspended sediments in the River Meuse, however, is still high, much higher than in the beginning of the 20th century. The presence of a silt layer may limit the return of H. sulphurea in this river by reducing availability and quality of its food. The prime objective of this study was to investigate the impact of silt on survival and growth of H. sulphurea in a laboratory experiment. Furthermore, the impact of water and periphyton quality from the Common Meuse on survival and growth of this mayfly was also investigated. Results showed that neither water quality nor cultured periphyton from the Common Meuse reduced survival and growth of H. sulphurea. The presence of a silt layer resulted in a significantly lower growth rate of the mayfly larvae. It is concluded that the silt layer reduces the accessibility of the food. Covering of food is possibly one of the main factors limiting the recolonization of H. sulphurea and probably other benthic grazers in the Common Meuse.

Keywords

Macroinvertebrates Periphyton Recolonization Siltation Suspended sediments Water quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin T. H. M. Peeters
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bart T. M. J. Brugmans
    • 1
  • John A. J. Beijer
    • 1
  • Rob J. M. Franken
    • 1
  1. 1.Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Management Group, Department of Environmental SciencesWageningen UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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