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Amino acid ionic liquid-modified mesoporous silica sorbents with remaining surfactant for CO2 capture

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Abstract

An amino acid ionic liquid (AAIL) was immobilized into a few kinds of mesoporous silica supports, namely MCM-41 and SBA-15, calcined or not calcined by an impregnation method. 1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium lysine ([EMIM][Lys]) was synthesized and employed as an AAIL. CO2 adsorption experiments were then carried out using the [EMIM][Lys]-loaded mesoporous silica sorbents. Although the as-prepared supports not calcined, denoted as MCM-41-SA and SBA-15-SA, themselves did not adsorb CO2 almost at all, these supports led to higher CO2 adsorption capacities of the supported [EMIM][Lys] sorbents than the counterparts calcined, because of the remaining surfactant in the supports. In contrast to the improved adsorption performances for supported AAIL sorbents, the remaining surfactants did not enhance the regeneration performances in cyclic CO2 adsorption–desorption. Pore-expanded SBA-15 (PE-SBA-15) was also synthesized and used as a support to see the effect of pore-expansion of support on CO2 adsorption by the AAIL-loaded sorbents, not only the remaining surfactant. The calcined PE-SBA-15 caused greater capacities than the calcined SBA-15 at any [EMIM][Lys] loadings, displaying that pore-expansion can also improve the CO2 adsorption performances. On the other hand, PE-SBA-15 not calcined (PE-SBA-15-SA) did not result in higher capacities of the sorbents than the counterpart calcined, in contrast to SBA-15-SA and MCM-41-SA. Thus, a synergetic effect by combination of the remaining surfactant and pore-expansion of support was not seen on the CO2 adsorption of supported AAIL sorbents.

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Abbreviations

AA:

Amino acid

AAIL:

Amino acid ionic liquid, or amino acid anion-functionalized ionic liquid

CTAB:

Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide

EMIM:

1-Ethyl-3-methylimidazolium

IL:

Ionic liquid

Lys:

l-lysine

MCM-41-SA:

MCM-41 not calcined

P123:

Triblock copolymer EO20-PO70-EO20

PE-SBA-15:

Pore-expanded SBA-15

PE-SBA-15-SA:

PE-SBA-15 not calcined

SBA-15-SA:

SBA-15 not calcined

S BET :

BET surface area

Sorb:

Sorbent

TEOS:

Tetraethyl orthosilicate

TGA:

Thermogravimetric analysis or analyzer

TMB:

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene

TSIL:

Task-specific ionic liquid

V P :

BJH adsorption cumulative pore volume

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada for funding this research, through its Industrial Research Chairs (IRC) program.

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Correspondence to Nader Mahinpey.

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Uehara, Y., Karami, D. & Mahinpey, N. Amino acid ionic liquid-modified mesoporous silica sorbents with remaining surfactant for CO2 capture. Adsorption 25, 703–716 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10450-019-00053-1

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