Predicting Meaningful Employment for Refugees: The Influence of Personal Characteristics and Developmental Factors on Employment Status and Hourly Wages

  • Jonathan D. CodellEmail author
  • Robert D. Hill
  • Dan J. Woltz
  • Paul A. GoreJr.
Original Article


Refugee demographic and developmental variables were evaluated as predictors of employment outcomes following a six-month non-governmental organization (NGO) directed resettlement period. The sample consisted of 85 refugee adults (18 to 54 years) who were resettling in a medium sized urban setting in the western United States. Demographics included sex, age, education level, and English proficiency. Developmental factors included number of years spent as a refugee. Results suggested that for each year spent as a refugee there was a corresponding decrease in the ability to secure meaningful employment. Implications for vocational interventions with refugees are discussed within the framework of Social Cognitive Career Theory.


Refugee Resettlement Employment Development 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan D. Codell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert D. Hill
    • 1
  • Dan J. Woltz
    • 1
  • Paul A. GoreJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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