Mining Induced Displacement and Mental Health: A Call for Action

Original Article

Abstract

India is a country of unparalleled diversity within both the cultural and ecological spheres of life. This paper examines the author’s experience exploring and inquiring into the mental health implications of mining and mining induced displacement within several Adivasi (tribal) communities in Andhra Pradesh, India. Through collaboration with Samata, a local Non-Government Organization (NGO), a qualitative pilot study was conducted to explore potential effects of mining on three communities that have been threatened by mining for a number of years. A particular focus is paid to women and the unique challenges they currently face.

Keywords

Human rights violations Development Mental health Feminist Critical cross-cultural inquiry 

References

  1. Barik, B. C. (2003). Dams and displacement: who fills the bellies of the oustees? Rural Social Work, 8, 28–35.Google Scholar
  2. Beetham, G., & Demetriades, J. (2007). Feminist research methodologies and development: overview and practical application. Gender & Development, 15, 199–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown, L. (1994). Subversive dialogues: Theory in feminist therapy. New York: BasicBooks.Google Scholar
  4. Cernea, M. M. (1990). Internal refugee flows and development-induced population displacement. Journal of Refugee Studies, 3, 319–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cernea, M. M. (1993). Social science research and the crafting of policy on population resettlement. Knowledge & Policy, 6, 176–201.Google Scholar
  6. Cernea, M. M. (2003). For a new economics of resettlement: a sociological critique of the compensation principle. Social Science Journal, 37–45.Google Scholar
  7. Downing, T. (2002). Avoiding new poverty: Mining-induced displacement and resettlement. Retrieved February 3, 2009 from http://www.ted-downing.com/Publications/AvodingNewPovMMSD.pdf.
  8. Fernandez, W. (2008). Paying the price for someone else’s displacement. Retrieved, February 2, 2009 from http://infochangeindia.org/Agenda/Migration-isplacement/Paying-the-price-for-someone-else%E2%80%99s-displacement.html.
  9. Fullilove, M. T. (1996). Psychiatric implications of displacement: contributions from the psychology of place. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1516–1523.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Ghose, M. (2008). A perspective on community and state interests in small-scale mining in India including the role of women. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 10, 857–869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Goode, E. (2003). Power of positive thinking may have a health benefit, study says. New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2009, from http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/02/health/power-ofpositive-thinking-may-have-a-health-benefit-studysays.html?scp=1&sq=&st=nyt.
  12. hooks, B. (1984). Feminist theory: From margin to center. Cambridge: South End.Google Scholar
  13. India Census. (2001). Basic data sheet: District East Godavari (14), Andhra Pradesh (28). Retrieved February 2, 2010, from http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Dist_File/datasheet-2814.pdf.
  14. Kanango, S. D. (2004). Counselling families affected by socio-political factors and economic hardships. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 26, 351–361.Google Scholar
  15. Kayshap, L. (2004). The impact of modernization of Indian families: The counseling challenge. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 26, 341–350.Google Scholar
  16. Kuruvilla, A., & Jacob, K. S. (2007). Poverty, social stress & mental health. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 126, 273–278.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Mandelbaum, D. G. (1970). Society in India. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  18. Marecek, J., Fine, M., & Kidder, L. (2001). Working between two worlds: Qualitative methods and psychology. In D. L. Tolman & M. Brydon-Miller (Eds.), From subjects to subjectivities (pp. 29–44). New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. McDowell, T., Goessling, K., & Melendez, T. (2010). Transformative learning through international coursework: building multicultural sensitivity in family therapy and counseling. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. Google Scholar
  21. McDowell, T., & Fang, S. (2007). Feminist-informed critical multiculturalism: considerations for family research. Journal of Family Issues, 28, 549–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Pande, R. (2000). From anti-arrack to total prohibition: the women’s movement in Andhra Pradesh, India. Gender, Technology, and Development, 4(1), 131–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Pandey, P., Sehgal, A. R., Riboud, M., Levine, D., & Goyal, M. (2007). Informing resource-poor populations and the delivery of entitled health and social services in rural India: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 298, 1867–1875.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Parthasarthi, M. S., Durgamba, V. K., & Murthy, N. S. (2004). Counseling migrant families in southern India. International Journal for the Advancement of Counseling, 26, 363–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Posen, D. B. (1995). Stress management for patient and physician. The Canadian Journal of Continuing Medical Education. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from http://www.mentalhealth.com/mag1/p51-str.html.
  26. Rosenquist, L. E. D. (2005). A psychosocial analysis of the human-sanitation nexus. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, 335–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (December 2007). Handbook for the protection of internally displaced persons. Available at: http://www.unhcr.org/479498992.html.
  28. van Teijlingen, E. R., & Hundley, V. (2001). Social research update: The importance of pilot studies. Retrieved December 18, 2009, from Surrey University Department of Sociology: http://sru.soc.surrey.ac.uk/SRU35.html.
  29. Vindhya, U. (2007). Quality of women’s lives in India: some findings from two decades of psychological research on gender. Feminism & Psychology, 17, 337–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations