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Mechanical Response of CFRP Laminates Subjected to Low-Velocity Oblique Impact

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The mechanical response of CFRP laminates under low-velocity oblique impact was investigated using finite element simulation and experimental test in this paper. Based on the 3D Hashin failure criterion, bilinear cohesive constitutive model and progressive failure theory, a finite element model of CFRP laminate with hemispherical cylindrical impactor under low-velocity oblique impact was established, by using finite element simulation software ABAQUS. A clamp for multi-angle impact was designed and manufactured. A low-velocity oblique test platform was built based on the clamp. Several groups of experiments with different impact angles and impact energy were carried out. It was found that the damage morphology and energy absorption caused by normal impact and oblique impact is quite different. For normal impact, the main damage mode on the front of the laminate is indentation, while for oblique impact, the main damage mode on the front surface is scratch due to the sliding of the impactor on the laminate. The damage caused by normal impact on the back of the laminate is always more significant than that caused by oblique impact. The simulation results of the contact force and the residual velocity of impactor are compared with the experimental results, and the good agreement verifies the reliability of the simulation model. The mechanical response is studied by simulation, and it is found that the mechanism of normal impact is different from that of oblique impact. The contact force and residual kinetic energy of the impactor decrease with the increase of impact angle, while the contact time and the energy consumed by friction increase are the opposite. The energy absorbed by the laminate is not negatively related to the impact angle.

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The research work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundations of China (Nos. U1833116, 51705468 and 11402234), and the China Scholarship Council (CSC).

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Yuechen Duan: Methodology, Software, Manuscript writing. Xin Xie: Conceptualization, Experiment, Validation. Ting Zou: Supervision, Writing Review. Tingting Wang: Conceptualization, Supervision, Funding acquisition.

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Correspondence to Tingting Wang.

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Duan, Y., Xie, X., Zou, T. et al. Mechanical Response of CFRP Laminates Subjected to Low-Velocity Oblique Impact. Appl Compos Mater 29, 1105–1124 (2022).

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