Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 399–413 | Cite as

Geometrical analysis of woven fabric microstructure based on micron-resolution computed tomography data

  • Helga Krieger
  • Gunnar Seide
  • Thomas Gries
  • Scott E. Stapleton


The global mechanical properties of textiles such as elasticity and strength, as well as transport properties such as permeability depend strongly on the microstructure of the textile. Textiles are heterogeneous structures with highly anisotropic material properties, including local fiber orientation and local fiber volume fraction. In this paper, an algorithm is presented to generate a virtual 3D–model of a woven fabric architecture with information about the local fiber orientation and the local fiber volume fraction. The geometric data of the woven fabric impregnated with resin was obtained by micron-resolution computed tomography (μCT). The volumetric μCT-scan was discretized into cells and the microstructure of each cell was analyzed and homogenized. Furthermore, the discretized data was used to calculate the local permeability tensors of each cell. An example application of the analyzed data is the simulation of the resin flow through a woven fabric based on the determined local permeability tensors and on Darcy’s law. The presented algorithm is an automated and robust method of going from μCT-scans to structural or flow models.


Resin transfer molding (RTM) Fabrics/ textiles Resin flow Permeability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Massachusetts LowellLowellUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Textiltechnik (ITA) of RWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  3. 3.Aachen-Maastricht Institute for Biobased MaterialsMaastricht UniversityGeleenNetherlands

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