Applied Composite Materials

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 255–267 | Cite as

Investigation into the Fiber Orientation Effect on the Formability of GLARE Materials in the Stamp Forming Process

  • Shichen Liu
  • Lihui Lang
  • Ehsan Sherkatghanad
  • Yao Wang
  • Wencai Xu


Glass-reinforced aluminum laminate (GLARE) is a new class of fiber metal laminates (FMLs) which has the advantages such as high tensile strength, outstanding fatigue, impact resistance, and excellent corrosion properties. GLARE has been extensively applied in advanced aerospace and automobile industries. However, the deformation behavior of the glass fiber during forming must be studied to the benefits of the good-quality part we form. In this research, we focus on the effect of fiber layer orientation on the GLARE laminate formability in stamp forming process. Experimental and numerical analysis of stamping a hemisphere part in different fiber orientation is investigated. The results indicate that unidirectional and multi-directional fiber in the middle layer make a significant effect on the thinning and also surface forming quality of the three layer sheet. Furthermore, the stress-strain distribution of the aluminum alloy and the unique anisotropic property of the fiber layer exhibit that fiber layer orientation can also affect the forming depths as well as the fracture modes of the laminate. According to the obtained results, it is revealed that multi-directional fiber layers are a good alternative compared to the unidirectional fibers especially when a better formability is the purpose.


Fiber layer orientation GLARE Fiber-metal laminates (FMLs) Wall thickness Stress distribution Forming depths 



The authors greatly acknowledge the financial support from National Science and Technology Major Project with Grant No.2014ZX04002041 and National Science Foundation of China with Grant No.51675029.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical Engineering and AutomationBeijing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsBeijingChina

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