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Manufacturing Aspects of Advanced Polymer Composites for Automotive Applications

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Abstract

Composite materials, in most cases fiber reinforced polymers, are nowadays used in many applications in which light weight and high specific modulus and strength are critical issues. The constituents of these materials and their special advantages relative to traditional materials are described in this paper. Further details are outlined regarding the present markets of polymer composites in Europe, and their special application in the automotive industry. In particular, the manufacturing of parts from thermoplastic as well as thermosetting, short and continuous fiber reinforced composites is emphasized.

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Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the German Research Foundation who funded a lot of fundamental research works in the fields described. Further thanks are due to the industrial partners, with whom IVW carried out many bilateralresearch projects. We also appreciate the support of the King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for makingthis joint cooperation possible. Last, but not least, we would like to thank our colleagues, Prof. M. Maier andProf. P. Mitschang, both IVW, and Prof. A. K. Schlarb, Uni KL, for providing us valuable information andfigures. In addition, we thank Prof. Uday Vaidya, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA, for kindlyaccepting the use of some text and a table from his book on: ”Composites for Automotive, Truck and MassTransit”, DEStech Publ. Inc., USA, 2011, and Prof. T. W. Chou, University of Delaware, USA, for allowing touse some text from Ref. [1].

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Friedrich, K., Almajid, A.A. Manufacturing Aspects of Advanced Polymer Composites for Automotive Applications. Appl Compos Mater 20, 107–128 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10443-012-9258-7

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