Annals of Biomedical Engineering

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

Starting a Medical Technology Venture as a Young Academic Innovator or Student Entrepreneur

  • Amir ManbachiEmail author
  • Katlin Kreamer-Tonin
  • Philipp Walch
  • Nao J. Gamo
  • Parastoo Khoshakhlagh
  • Yu Shrike Zhang
  • Charles Montague
  • Soumyadipta Acharya
  • Elizabeth A. Logsdon
  • Robert H. Allen
  • Nicholas J. Durr
  • Mark G. Luciano
  • Nicholas Theodore
  • Henry Brem
  • Youseph Yazdi


Following the footprints of Bill Gates, Steve Jobs and Mark Zuckerberg, there has been a misconception that students are better off quitting their studies to bring to life their ideas, create jobs and monetize their inventions. Having historically transitioned from manpower to mind power, we live in one of the most rapidly changing times in human history. As a result, academic institutions that are supposed to be pioneers and educators of the next generations have started to realize that they need to adapt to a new system, and change their policies to be more flexible towards patent ownership and commercialization. There is an infrastructure being developed towards students starting their own businesses while continuing with their studies. This paper aims to provide an overview of the existing landscape, the exciting rewards as well as risks awaiting a student entrepreneur, the challenges of the present ecosystem, and questions to consider prior to embarking on such a journey. Various entities influencing the start-up environment are considered, specifically for the medical technology sector. These parties include but are not limited to: scientists, clinicians, investors, academic institutions and governments. A special focus will be set on the seemingly unbridgeable gap between founding a company and a scientific career.


Entrepreneurship Bioentrepreneur Student entrepreneurship Medical devices 



The authors would like to thank Professors Alireza Khademhosseini (Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology), Robert Langer (MIT) and President Ronald J. Daniels (Johns Hopkins University) for helpful discussions.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest. AM and KTT are affiliated with a Canadian start-up called Spinesonics Medical, Inc. (this company is not mentioned in this manuscript). NT and ML are Entrepreneurial Neurosurgeons affiliated with start-ups, but their companies are not mentioned in this manuscript. HB was a Visionary in a product called Gliadel™, which is named in the manuscript as an example of successful academic entrepreneurship (no commercial endorsement). All individuals named in the case studies have agreed to their names being published in this article.


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Copyright information

© Biomedical Engineering Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amir Manbachi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Katlin Kreamer-Tonin
    • 2
  • Philipp Walch
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Nao J. Gamo
    • 6
  • Parastoo Khoshakhlagh
    • 3
  • Yu Shrike Zhang
    • 3
    • 4
  • Charles Montague
    • 1
  • Soumyadipta Acharya
    • 1
  • Elizabeth A. Logsdon
    • 1
  • Robert H. Allen
    • 1
    • 7
  • Nicholas J. Durr
    • 1
  • Mark G. Luciano
    • 8
  • Nicholas Theodore
    • 8
  • Henry Brem
    • 8
  • Youseph Yazdi
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Bioengineering Innovation and Design, Department of Biomedical EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Division of Engineering ScienceUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and TechnologyMassachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  4. 4.Biomaterials Innovation Research Center, Division of Biomedical Engineering, Brigham and Women’s HospitalHarvard Medical SchoolCambridgeUSA
  5. 5.Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular BiotechnologyHeidelberg UniversityHeidelbergGermany
  6. 6.Chesapeake Visions, LLCBaltimoreUSA
  7. 7.Department of Gynecology and ObstetricsJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  8. 8.Department of Neurology and NeurosurgeryJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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