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Table 2 Magnitudes of Local and Absolute maximum (Peak) neck loads (during time interval of continuous roof-to-ground contact)

From: Occupant Dynamics in Rollover Crashes: Influence of Roof Deformation and Seat Belt Performance on Probable Spinal Column Injury

Test parameter Driver Passenger
B190042 B190043 B180220 B190042 B190043 B180220
Max peak F z (N)a −958 −1962 −1920 −5933 −3245 Noneb
Local peak (s), F z −200 −295 −223 −361 −50 200–260
Max peak M y (N m) 58 110 94 304 178 261
Local peak (s), M y 2 11 2–54 12–22 20–24 10
Max peak M x (N m) −106 −124 −167 68 98 41
Local peak (s), M x −11 to −18 n/a −20 to −46 9 12 19–21
  1. a F z was measured at the dummy upper neck load cell; M y and M x measured at the lower load cell
  2. bIn Test 180220, no absolute maximum F z was identified as all peak neck compression loads were within the range of 200–260 N