African Archaeological Review

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 51–65 | Cite as

Private Business Investments in Heritage Sites in Tanzania: Recent Developments and Challenges for Heritage Management

  • Frank MaseleEmail author
Original Article


Private business investments in heritage sites in Tanzania have recently captured scholarly interest of some archaeologists. Curiosity in the matter has largely emanated from a fundamental need to widen the sites’ utilization through heritage tourism. This paper reviews a recent incident in which a local community explicitly opposed the minister of Natural Resources and Tourism handing over ceremony of Kunduchi ruins site to a private investor. The paper also highlights recent developments, problems in private business investments, and their potential implications to the conservation and management of heritage sites in Tanzania.


Private business in heritage sites Conflicts in heritage sites Kunduchi ruins site Tanzania 


Investissements privés dans les sites du patrimoine en Tanzanie ont récemment capturé l'intérêt scientifique de certains archéologues. Curiosité dans l'affaire a en grande partie émanait d'un besoin fondamental pour élargir leur utilisation par le biais du tourisme patrimonial. L'article passe en revue un récent accident dans lequel une communauté locale explicitement s'oppose à la ministre des ressources naturelles et tourisme remise cérémonie de Kunduchi ruines site pour un investisseur privé. Le document souligne également les développements récents, de problèmes investissements privés et de leurs implications potentielles pour la conservation et la gestion des sites du patrimoine en Tanzanie.



Thanks to the Antiquities Division for the research permit and access to unpublished documents. Thoughtful comments from Audax Z. P. Mabulla and Felix A. Chami on this paper are highly acknowledged. I am thankful to Pamela Willoughby and Elizabeth Sawchuk for editing earlier drafts of this paper. I am also grateful for thoughtful comments from anonymous reviewers. Interpretations and recommendations made in this paper are my sole responsibility and do not represent those of the Antiquities Division.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History and ArchaeologyUniversity of Dar es SalaamDar es SalaamTanzania

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