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African Archaeological Review

, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 45–58 | Cite as

Lithic Artefacts as a Source of Cultural, Social and Economic Information: the evidence from Aksum, Ethiopia

  • Laurel PhillipsonEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Extended research covering an area of approximately 300 sq km centered on the ancient metropolis of Aksum has revealed a coherent sequence of development in stone tool production and use spanning most of the last millennium BC and the first millennium AD. It has provided new evidence of the presence of multiple independent lithic traditions in the Pre-Aksumite period, and of Aksumite social and economic organization. This paper summarizes the results of the detailed study of a large corpus of excavated and surface-collected lithics, emphasizing their functional characteristics.

Keywords

Aksum Aksumite civilization Ethiopia Lithics Lithic analysis Stone tools Microliths 

Résumé

De vastes recherches couvrant sur une superficie d’environ 300 kilomètres carrés et concentrées sur l’ancienne métropole d’Aksoum ont mis à jour une série cohérente de développements dans la production et l’utilisation d’outils de pierre au cours du dernier millénaire avant J.C. et du premier millénaire après J.C. Ces recherches ont fourni de nouvelles informations sur la présence de multiples traditions lithiques indépendantes durant la période pré-aksoumite, et sur l’organisation sociale et économique des Aksoumites. Cet article présente les résultats d’une étude détailée portant sur un large répertoire de vestiges lithiques recueillis au cours de fouilles et collectes de surface, et met en exergue leurs caractéristiques fonctionnelles.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ThreshfieldYorkshireUK

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