Minority population group status and QOL change: the case of older Israelis
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This study explores minority group status in relation to change in quality of life (QOL) among three population groups in Israel—Veteran-Jews, Arab–Israelis, and immigrants from the Former Soviet Union (FSU)—controlling for a set of known predictors. The study uses panel data from two waves (2009/10 and 2013) of the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe, (N = 1590). A set of Ordinary Least Squares regressions is used to predict positive QOL change over the two waves. Interaction terms in a number of selected areas are considered. The results show that minority group status (Arab–Israelis and FSU immigrants) is negatively related to positive QOL change, compared to the majority group (veteran-Jews). Moreover, being employed was found to improve QOL for older FSU immigrants, underscoring the realm of work in the well-being of this population group. In comparison, it was exchange with family members that had a positive effect on QOL change among the Arab–Israelis, emphasizing the importance of that particular aspect of their lives in older age. In sum, the results highlight the risk of minority group status to well-being in late life and confirm the observation that positive QOL change correlates with characteristically different factors among different population groups.
KeywordsSHARE Quality of life Minority groups Social inequality Socio-cultural context
This paper uses data from SHARE Wave 5 release 1.0.0, as of March 31st, 2015 (DOI: 10.6103/SHARE.w5.100) and SHARE Waves 1 and 2 release 2.6.0, as of November 29th, 2013 (DOI: 10.6103/SHARE.w1.260 and 10.6103/SHARE.w2.260). The SHARE data collection has been primarily funded by the European Commission through the 5th Framework Programme (project QLK6-CT-2001-00360 in the thematic programme Quality of Life), through the 6th Framework Programme (projects SHARE-I3, RII-CT-2006-062193, COMPARE, CIT5- CT-2005-028857, and SHARELIFE, CIT4-CT-2006-028812) and through the 7th Framework Programme (SHARE-PREP, N° 211909, SHARE-LEAP, N° 227822 and SHARE M4, N° 261982). Additional funding from the US National Institute on Aging (U01 AG09740-13S2, P01 AG005842, P01 AG08291, P30 AG12815, R21 AG025169, Y1-AG-4553-01, IAG BSR06-11 and OGHA 04-064) and the German Ministry of Education and Research as well as from various national sources is gratefully acknowledged (see www.share-project.org for a full list of funding institutions).
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