Acta Mechanica Sinica

, Volume 33, Issue 4, pp 685–708 | Cite as

Dynamics of cavitation–structure interaction

Review Paper


Cavitation–structure interaction has become one of the major issues for most engineering applications. The present work reviews recent progress made toward developing experimental and numerical investigation for unsteady turbulent cavitating flow and cavitation–structure interaction. The goal of our overall efforts is to (1) summarize the progress made in the experimental and numerical modeling and approaches for unsteady cavitating flow and cavitation–structure interaction, (2) discuss the global multiphase structures for different cavitation regimes, with special emphasis on the unsteady development of cloud cavitation and corresponding cavitating flow-induced vibrations, with a high-speed visualization system and a structural vibration measurement system, as well as a simultaneous sampling system, (3) improve the understanding of the hydroelastic response in cavitating flows via combined physical and numerical analysis, with particular emphasis on the interaction between unsteady cavitation development and structural deformations. Issues including unsteady cavitating flow structures and cavitation–structure interaction mechanism are discussed.


Cavitation–structure interaction Unsteady cavitating flows Cavitating flow-induced vibration Hydroelastic response 

List of symbols

\(\sigma \)

Local cavitation number

\(C_{\mathrm{dest}}\), \(C_{\mathrm{prod}}\)

Constant rate for vaporization and condensation


Bending damping coefficient

\(C_{\theta }\)

Torsional damping coefficient


Lift coefficient


Drag coefficient


Moment coefficient


Chord length of hydrofoil


Pressure coefficient






Bending deformation

\(I_{\theta }\)

Moment of inertia

\(K_{h}\), \(K_{\theta }\)

Structural stiffness values for bending and twisting motion


Turbulent kinetic energy


Cavity length


Reference length






mass of structure

\(m^{+}\), \(m^{-}\)

Source and sink terms in the cavitation model



\(p_{\infty }\)

Reference static pressure


Bubble diameter


Reynolds number

\(S_{\theta }\)

Static imbalance


Froude number


Span of hydrofoil


Local time

\(t_{\infty }\)

Reference time scale, \(t_{\infty }=L/U_{\infty }\)


Reference periodic time

\(U_{\infty }\)

Reference velocity


Normal component of the vapor velocity moving away from the interface


Normal interfacial velocity

\(\omega z\)

z-component of the vorticity


Space variable

\(\delta {y}\)

Maximum of vibration amplitude

\(\alpha \)

Angle of attack

\(\alpha _{\mathrm{l}}\)

Liquid volume fraction

\(\alpha _{\mathrm{v}}\)

Vapor mass fraction

\(\rho \)


\(\theta \)

Twist deformation

\(\mu \)

Dynamic viscosity

\(\mu _T /\mu _{\mathrm{L}_{|{\mathrm{inlet}}}} \)

Eddy-to-laminar viscosity ratio at the inlet

\(\varepsilon \)

Turbulent dissipation rate

\(\lambda \)

Filter size in filter-based model


i, j









Mixture property





The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant 51679005), the Natural Science Foundation of Beijing Municipality (Grant 3172029), and the Ph.D. Programs Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (Grant 20131101120014).


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical EngineeringBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Thermal EngineeringTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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