Acta Mechanica Sinica

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 234–242 | Cite as

Mechanics of water pore formation in lipid membrane under electric field

  • Bing Bu
  • Dechang Li
  • Jiajie Diao
  • Baohua Ji
Research Paper


Transmembrane water pores are crucial for substance transport through cell membranes via membrane fusion, such as in neural communication. However, the molecular mechanism of water pore formation is not clear. In this study, we apply all-atom molecular dynamics and bias-exchange metadynamics simulations to study the process of water pore formation under an electric field. We show that water molecules can enter a membrane under an electric field and form a water pore of a few nanometers in diameter. These water molecules disturb the interactions between lipid head groups and the ordered arrangement of lipids. Following the movement of water molecules, the lipid head groups are rotated and driven into the hydrophobic region of the membrane. The reorientated lipid head groups inside the membrane form a hydrophilic surface of the water pore. This study reveals the atomic details of how an electric field influences the movement of water molecules and lipid head groups, resulting in water pore formation.


Cell membrane Membrane fusion Water pore formation Electric field Molecular dynamics simulation 



The project was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants 11372042, 11221202, 11532009, and 11202026)


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomechanics and Biomaterials Laboratory, Department of Applied MechanicsBeijing Institute of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Cancer Biology, College of MedicineUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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