Acta Mechanica Sinica

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 295–302 | Cite as

Control for going from hovering to small speed flight of a model insect

  • Jianghao Wu
  • Mao SunEmail author
Research Paper


The longitudinal steady-state control for going from hovering to small speed flight of a model insect is studied, using the method of computational fluid dynamics to compute the aerodynamic derivatives and the techniques based on the linear theories of stability and control for determining the non-zero equilibrium points. Morphological and certain kinematical data of droneflies are used for the model insect. A change in the mean stroke angle \({(\delta \bar {\phi})}\) results in a horizontal forward or backward flight; a change in the stroke amplitude (δΦ) or a equal change in the down- and upstroke angles of attack (δα 1) results in a vertical climb or decent; a proper combination of \({\delta \bar {\phi}}\) and δΦ controls (or \({\delta \bar {\phi}}\) and δα 1 controls) can give a flight of any (small) speed in any desired direction.


Insect Flight control Hovering Small speed flight 


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Copyright information

© The Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Transportation Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Fluid MechanicsBeihang UniversityBeijingChina

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