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Passivrauchen als Gesundheitsrisiko

Passive smoking as a health risk

Zusammenfassung

Passivrauchen ist weltweit die drittwichtigste vermeidbare Todesursache. Eine Passivrauchbelastung geht einher mit vermehrten obstruktiven Atemwegserkrankungen, Lungenkarzinomen und kardiovaskulären Erkrankungen. Bezüglich Atemwegserkrankungen zeigen sich überwiegend lineare Dosis-Wirkungs-Beziehungen, während bei den Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen die Zusammenhänge nichtlinear sind. Es konnte vielfach gezeigt werden, dass sich passivrauchbedingte Morbidität und Mortalität durch öffentliche Rauchverbote deutlich reduzieren lassen.

Abstract

Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is the third leading but preventable cause of death worldwide. It is associated with increased risks of obstructive airway diseases, lung cancer, and cardiovascular disease. Dose-response relationships are mostly linear in airway diseases, while they are mainly non-linear in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Public smoking bans have been shown to reduce ETS-associated morbidity and mortality.

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Correspondence to D. Nowak.

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__ ____

Die Arbeit baut auf unseren Übersichten Radon et al. (2004; [32]) und Raupach et al. (2008; [34]) auf, hierauf sei auch wegen der weiterführenden Literatur verwiesen.

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Nowak, D., Raupach, T., Radon, K. et al. Passivrauchen als Gesundheitsrisiko. Pneumologe 5, 386–392 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10405-008-0254-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10405-008-0254-4

Schlüsselwörter

  • Passivrauch
  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Lungenkarzinom
  • Herz-Kreislauf-Erkrankungen

Keywords

  • Environmental tobacco smoke
  • Asthma
  • COPD
  • Lung cancer
  • Cardiovascular diseases