Anomalous pulse change in gravity-driven microfluidic oscillator and its application to photodiode switching

Abstract

Electrofluidic analogy is useful because it provides a method to significantly reduce the reliance of microfluidic chips on dynamic off-chip controllers. Among the functions developed by the analogy, conversion from constant to pulsatile pressure is critical and is yet to be studied. Here, unlike its counterpart electrical oscillator generating square pulses more slowly with decreasing the input voltage, we report that a microfluidic oscillator generates sawtooth pressure pulses more rapidly with decreasing the input pressure (PI) at 1–2 kPa. Further, with decreasing PI, the oscillator generates square pulses at PI > 3.4 kPa, but its operation unexpectedly stops at 2.1 < PI < 3.4 kPa. We analyze its underlying mechanism with a sophisticated model including a dynamic interaction of the oscillator components and reveal the critical role of the dynamic property of oscillator valves. Additionally, we show electrofluidic switching of a photodiode with the oscillator. The understanding obtained in this study would be essential for developing microfluidic circuits using electrofluidic analogy.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Konkuk University in 2015.

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Correspondence to Sung-Jin Kim.

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Van Dang, B., Kim, G. & Kim, SJ. Anomalous pulse change in gravity-driven microfluidic oscillator and its application to photodiode switching. Microfluid Nanofluid 22, 18 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10404-018-2038-4

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Keywords

  • Microfluidic oscillator
  • Electrofluidic analogy
  • Water head
  • Microfluidic circuit