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EcoHealth

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 761–774 | Cite as

Viral Diversity, Prey Preference, and Bartonella Prevalence in Desmodus rotundus in Guatemala

  • Amy K. Wray
  • Kevin J. OlivalEmail author
  • David Morán
  • Maria Renee Lopez
  • Danilo Alvarez
  • Isamara Navarrete-Macias
  • Eliza Liang
  • Nancy B. Simmons
  • W. Ian Lipkin
  • Peter Daszak
  • Simon J. Anthony
Original Contribution

Abstract

Certain bat species serve as natural reservoirs for pathogens in several key viral families including henipa-, lyssa-, corona-, and filoviruses, which may pose serious threats to human health. The Common Vampire Bat (Desmodus rotundus), due to its abundance, sanguivorous feeding habit involving humans and domestic animals, and highly social behavioral ecology, may have an unusually high potential for interspecies disease transmission. Previous studies have investigated rabies dynamics in D. rotundus, yet the diversity of other viruses, bacteria, and other microbes that these bats may carry remains largely unknown. We screened 396 blood, urine, saliva, and fecal samples from D. rotundus captured in Guatemala for 13 viral families and genera. Positive results were found for rhabdovirus, adenovirus, and herpesvirus assays. We also screened these samples for Bartonella spp. and found that 38% of individuals tested positive. To characterize potential for interspecies transmission associated with feeding behavior, we also analyzed cytochrome B sequences from fecal samples to identify prey species and found that domestic cattle (Bos taurus) made up the majority of blood meals. Our findings suggest that the risk of pathogen spillover from Desmodus rotundus, including between domestic animal species, is possible and warrants further investigation to characterize this microbial diversity and expand our understanding of foraging ecology in their populations.

Keywords

bats Chiroptera Bartonella pathogen discovery disease ecology feeding preference adenovirus herpesvirus rhabdovirus viral 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Non-Biodefense Emerging Infectious Disease Research Opportunities (Award R01 AI079231) and received additional support from the PREDICT project of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Emerging Pandemic Threats Program.

Supplementary material

10393_2016_1183_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (87 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 86 kb)

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Copyright information

© International Association for Ecology and Health 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy K. Wray
    • 1
  • Kevin J. Olival
    • 2
    Email author
  • David Morán
    • 4
  • Maria Renee Lopez
    • 4
  • Danilo Alvarez
    • 4
  • Isamara Navarrete-Macias
    • 5
  • Eliza Liang
    • 2
    • 5
  • Nancy B. Simmons
    • 3
  • W. Ian Lipkin
    • 5
  • Peter Daszak
    • 2
  • Simon J. Anthony
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental BiologyColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.EcoHealth AllianceNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.American Museum of Natural HistoryNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Center for Health StudiesUniversidad del Valle de GuatemalaGuatemala CityGuatemala
  5. 5.Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public HealthColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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