EcoHealth

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 230–233 | Cite as

Pragmatism (or Realism) in Research: Is There an Ecohealth Scope of Practice?

  • Craig Stephen
  • Theresa Burns
  • Ana Riviere-Cinnamond
Forum
  • 208 Downloads

References

  1. Burns TE, Stephen C (2015) Finding a place for systems-based, collaborative research in emerging disease research in Asia. EcoHealth, 12(4), 672–684.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Charron DF (Ed.). (2012) Ecohealth Research in Practice: Innovative Applications of an Ecosystem Approach to Health, 1st ed., Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.Google Scholar
  3. Cherryholmes CH (1992) Notes on pragmatism and scientific realism. Educational Researcher 21(6):13–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dooris M (2006) Healthy settings: challenges to generating evidence of effectiveness. Health Promotion International, 21(1), 55–65. doi:10.1093/heapro/dai030.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Feilzer YM (2010) Doing mixed methods research pragmatically: implications for the rediscovery of pragmatism as a research paradigm. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 4(1), 6–16. doi:10.1177/1558689809349691.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fossey E, Harvey C, McDermott F, Davidson L (2002) Understanding and evaluating qualitative research. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 36, 717–732.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Glasgow RE (2013) What does it mean to be pragmatic? Pragmatic methods, measures, and models to facilitate research translation. Health Education & Behavior, 40(3), 257–265. doi:10.1177/1090198113486805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Goldbeck-Wood, S. (1998). What makes a good reviewer of manuscripts? BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 316(7125), 86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hall JG, Bainbridge L, Buchan A, Cribb A, Drummond J, Gyles C, Solomon P (2006). A meeting of minds: interdisciplinary research in the health sciences in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal 175(7), 763–771.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  10. Holling CS (1996) Surprise for science, resilience for ecosystems, and incentives for people. Ecological Applications, 6(3), 733–735.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jarwal SD, Brion AM, King ML (2009) Measuring research quality using the journal impact factor, citations and ‘ranked journals’: blunt instruments or inspired metrics? Journal of Higher Education Policy & Management, 31(4), 289–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kitson AL (2009) The need for systems change: reflections on knowledge translation and organizational change. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(1), 217–228.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Lavis JN, Robertson D, Woodside JM, McLeod CB, Abelson J and Group, TKTS (2003). How can research organizations more effectively transfer research knowledge to decision makers? The Milbank Quarterly, 81(2), 221–248.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. Midgley G (2006) Systems thinking in evaluation. In An Expert Anthology William B, Imam I (editors), Point Reyes: American Evaluation Association, pp 11–34.Google Scholar
  15. Miller TR, Baird TD, Littlefield CM, Kofinas G, Chapin III FS, Redman CL (2008) Epistemological pluralism: reorganizing interdisciplinary research. Ecology and Society, 13(2), 46.Google Scholar
  16. Sackett DL, Wennberg JE (1997) Choosing the best research design for each question. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.), 315(7123), 1636.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Smith R (2001) Measuring the social impact of research. British Medical Journal 323:528.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  18. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2013) Pragmatism. Retrieved 10, 2015, from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pragmatism/.
  19. Stephen C, Berezowski J, Misra V (2014) Surprise is a neglected aspect of emerging infectious disease. Ecohealth. doi:10.1007/s10393-014-1001-4.Google Scholar
  20. USEPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency. CADDIS: The causal analysis/diagnosis decision information system. Volume 1: stressor identification. Retrieved 10, 2015, from http://www.epa.gov/caddis/si_approach.html.
  21. USHHS, United States Department of Health and Human Services, (2009). Evaluation: performance improvement 2008. Retrieved 10, 2015, from http://aspe.hhs.gov/pic/perfimp/2008/report.shtml.

Copyright information

© International Association for Ecology and Health 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig Stephen
    • 1
  • Theresa Burns
    • 2
  • Ana Riviere-Cinnamond
    • 3
  1. 1.Canadian Wildlife Health CooperativeUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Coastal HealthNanaimo British ColumbiaNanaimoCanada
  3. 3.IHR, Alert and Response, Epidemic, Pandemic and Water-Borne Diseases Unit (IR), Communicable Diseases and Health Analysis Department (CHA)Pan-American Health Organization / World Health OrganizationLimaPeru

Personalised recommendations